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Read the texts about the British Queen for more information about Great Britain.

Монархия и Королева

'By the sudden death of my dear father I am called upon to assume the duties and responsibility of sovereignty. '

These were the words of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in her simple yet moving Accession Speech of 8 February 1952, just 36 hours after she had learnt that her father King George VI had died in his sleep. So, at the age of 25, Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, the first child of Prince Albert and Elizabeth, Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth) became the forty-second sovereign of England since William the Conqueror, yet only its sixth Queen Regnant.


The Queen's Working Day

When The Queen is in residence at Buckingham Palace, every day is a work­ing day, both for her and for the Duke of Edinburgh. They meet for a quick break­fast at half-past eight when they will dis­cuss each other's daily programme but, unless they have joint engagements, they frequently do not see each other again until late evening. By 9.30 am Her Majesty is at her desk ready to start the day's routine

A digest of the day's newspapers will have been prepared for her by the Press Secretary with items of particular interest 1 marked or cut out. When Parliament is sit­ting, a report on the previous day's pro­ceedings will have been delivered by the Vice-Chamberlain of the Household.

One of Her Majesty's three Private Secretaries will then arrive with the morning's post. Letters from children are usually passed to one of the ladies-in-waiting for a reply and certain official correspondence may be sent on to the appropriate government department for action. But there are always plenty that require her own attention. Another fre­quent duty of The Queen is the sending of around 2,000 cen­tenary telemessages each year to people who reach their hun­dredth birthday.

Throughout the working day a number of visitors will call ranging from incom­ing or outgoing diplomats to Her Majesty's dressmakers, who may arrive to discuss the wardrobe for a forthcom­ing overseas tour.

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Once a month a meeting of the Privy Council is held in order that the Royal Assent may be given to various items of government legislation. At the end of the morning Her Majesty usually lunches alone and then in the afternoon she will often have an engage­ment in the London area. On her return she may well hold important domestic discussions with the Master of the Household, for Her Majesty is not only the Sovereign but also mistress of the house - the largest house in the country. Towards the end of the day there is always another pile of official papers, government documents and reports to be read, initialled or acted upon.



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