Студопедия
Новини освіти і науки:
Контакти
 


Тлумачний словник






Text 9. Trial

I. Read and translate the text.

A trial is the cornerstone of justice. There are 2 parties to a trial: the defence and the prosecution. Each party has a lawyer.

There is a difference in criminal proceedings between countries with a common law legal system (the Anglo-Saxon legal system) and countries with a civil law legal system (the continental, or European legal system).

In a common law legal system, the accused is considered innocent until his guilt is proved. In the European legal system, on the contrary, the accused is considered guilty until his innocence is proved.

The role of the judge in these 2 systems is different, too. In the Anglo-American legal procedure the judge is an impartial arbiter between 2 opponents, and the accused is convicted by the public prosecutor. In the European criminal procedure, the judge's role is to convict the accused.

Neither of the 2 systems is perfect. Yet, American lawyers believe that their legal system has an advantage, since it protects the accused from judges and from illegal prosecution by the government.


II. Questions to be answered.

1. What is the importance of trial?

2. How many parties are there to a trial?

3. Is there a difference in criminal proceedings between countries with a common law legal system and countries with a civil law legal system?

4. What does the difference consist in?

5. Is any of the two approaches perfect?

6. Why do American lawyers think that their approach has an advantage?

 

Lesson 5 The Study of Crime and Criminals

Text 1. Criminology

I. Read and translate the text.

Criminology is the study of crime. It studies the causes of crime and the principles of crime control. Criminology appeared in the late 18th century when society began to show interest in the treatment of criminals.

Criminology uses different methods and techniques, such as collection and interpretation of statistics, case study and sociological research.

Criminology has a great practical value. The findings of criminology are used in the work of lawyers, judges, legislators and prison officials. Criminology focuses on the person of the criminal and helps to understand the nature of criminals better. It is also concerned with the study of victims of crime which is called victimology.



Интернет реклама УБС

II. Questions to be answered.

1. What is criminology and what does it study?

2. When did criminology appear?

3. What methods and techniques are used in criminology?

4. Where are the findings of criminology used?

5. Does criminology focus only on the criminal?


Читайте також:

  1. II. Reconstruct the following text using the words from the box to fill in the blanks. What do you think about extraterrestrial life?
  2. III. Reconstruct the following text using the words from the box to fill in the blanks. What do you think about extraterrestrial life?
  3. My Future Speciality: Industrial and Civil Engineering




<== попередня сторінка | наступна сторінка ==>
Text 6. The Right to Due Process of Law | Text 2. The Causes of Crime

Не знайшли потрібну інформацію? Скористайтесь пошуком google:


 

© studopedia.com.ua При використанні або копіюванні матеріалів пряме посилання на сайт обов'язкове.


Генерація сторінки за: 0.001 сек.