THE MEANINGS OF MODAL VERBS AND THEIR EQUIVALENTS
A. These sentences come from an information booklet about a college. In each case choose the appropriate modal verb:may, must, can, should, be able to, or need .
1) The College welcomes part-time students who… work towards a qualification or attend a recreational education class.
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2) Students claiming concessions for tuition fee payments … still pay the registration fees in full.
3) Late entries to examinations … be allowed, but will cost more than entering on time.
4) If you wish to attend a class in English for Speakers of Other Languages, you … take our test before you enroll.
5) If you need any advice, your first point of contact is your tutor, and you … always access other people through him or her.
6) A senior member of staff is on duty each evening between 6.30 and 9.30, and … be contacted via Reception.
7) Students attending evening classes only may not … access all our services. We … however make arrangements for you to see an appropriate adviser during the day.
8) It is regretted that people with physical disability … not be able to take the course that they choose.
9) The Student Council … be elected by students from across the college to represent and promote their general interests.
10) The College café is open from 8.30 am to 4 pm and from 5 to 8 pm. Outside these hours, a range of food and drinks … be purchased from vending outlets.
B. Choose the correct word or phrase to complete each sentence.
1) You must/needn’t save a file before you turn the computer off, or you will lose it.
2) I am afraid this is a non-smoking office, so you don’t have to/can’t smoke in here.
3) Employees are reminded that they mustn’t/needn’t use the office phone to make personal calls.
4) You needn’t/mustn’t send the reminder to Eastwood’s – they paid the invoice this morning.
5) In countries like Iran, you don’t have to/can’t buy or sell alcohol.
6) This income tax form must/needn’t be completed and returned to the Inland Revenue within 30 days.
7) You mustn’t/don’t have to come to the meeting if you have more important things to do.
8) This information is highly confidential, so you mustn’t/needn’t discuss it with anyone.
9) As you are from the European Union, you mustn’t/don’t have to have a visa to go to France.
10) Drivers wishing to hire a car must/can be over 21 and have a full driving license.
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