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Exercises

I. Identify the definite or indefinite articles in the following sentences whose meanings should be rendered in translation. Suggest the suitable equivalents.

1. Who is she?-She is a Mrs. Erlynn. 2. A woman was loudly complaining of a pain in her back. 3.1 know an old woman who can be a baby-sitter for you. 4. He decided to solve this problem at a blow. 5. What is your objection to the hour? I think the hour is an admirable hour. 6. From 1836 until his death in 1870 Dickens continued to be in general estimation the English story-teller. 7. His Pecksniff could never have worked the wickedness of which he had just heard, but any other Pecksniff could; and the Pecksniff who could do that, could do anything. 8. This was a Guernica, a Coventry, a Lidice perpetrated in part by a British ship in the service of the Americans. 9. Tomorrow I will be with Essex as the Asquith he expects, a normal Asquith, an undivided, unchanged, untouched, unalterable and eccentric Asquith who will partner him on his great mission to the Security Council. 10. He still wore knee breeches, and dark cotton stockings on his nether limbs, but they were not the breeches. The coat was wide-skirted, and in that respect like the coat, but, oh, how different.

II. Choose the appropriate Russian aspect forms to render the meanings of the verbs in bold type in the following sentences.

1. At that time the big employers began a wild attack against the workers and the trade-union movement. 2. Following the war there developed an almost universal demand that Canada's status and relationship with Britain should be re-defined. 3. The militants rallied the black population and their allies against the lynchers, legal and illegal. 4. The world fascist movement which developed so rapidly during the 1930's, carried an acute threat to the people's democratic liberties. 5. During the middle 1930's the capitalist governments refused to rally to the call of the Soviet Union for an international peace-front. 6. In the Social-Democratic parties of the Americas over many years left-wing groups of militant fighters had been growing up. 7. Their appeasement policy had strengthened the fascist beast until finally it leaped upon them. 8. Flyers report that no attempt was made to intercept them until they were near Braunschweig when the Germans sent up their fighters and put up a



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strong barrage. 9. This had terrified the Home Secretary within an inch of his life on several occasions.

III. Translate the following sentences with particular attention to the equivalent-lacking syntactical complexes.

1. The contents of the treaty have been recently published, it being no longer necessary to keep them secret. 2. The peaceful demonstration at the big Ford plant in Dearborn was broken up, with four workers killed and fifty wounded. 3. Only the Russian Bolsheviks opposed the war consistently with the left-wing socialists in many countries also offering various degrees of resistance. 4. Being remarkably fine and agreeable in their manners, Oliver thought them very nice girls indeed. 5. Bobbing and bounding upon the spring cushions, silent, swaying to each motion of their chariot, old Jolyon watched them drive away under the sunlight. 6. Just as I got there a Negro switchman, lantern in hand, happened by. 7. That gentleman stepped forward, hand stretched out. 8. As the hunger marchers moved along Pennsylvania Avenue they were flanked by two solid rows of policemen, most of them club in hand. 9. They walked without hats for long hours in the Gardens attached to their house, books in their hands, a fox-terrier at their heels, never saying a word and smoking all the time. 10. We sped northward with the high Rocky Mountains peaks far off to the West,

IV. State how the meaning of the causative structures in the following sentences should be rendered into Russian. Explain your choice of the translation method.

1. We had two enemy agents arrested, whose role was to create panic by spreading false rumours about the approach of the Germans. 2. In World War II Great Britain lost about 350,000 killed and missing and had her towns and factories blitzed. 3. A very strange thing happened to him a year or two ago. You ought to have him tell you about it. 4.1 can't get him to realize that in this case the game is not worth the candle. 5. These speeches were designed to obscure the issues by inflaming public opinion and stampeding Congress into repressive action. 6. The General Executive cannot give his mind to every detail of factory management, but he can get the things done. 7. No suitable opportunity offering, he was dragooned by family and friends into an assistant-professorship at Harvard. 8. The Tory government would have the British people believe that the US missiles would strengthen the country's security. 9. The fear of lightning is a particularly distressing infirmity for the reason that it takes the sand out of a person to an extent which no other fear can, and it can't be shamed out of a person.


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