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THE COMPOUND NOMINAL DOUBLE PREDICATE

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The compound nominal double predicate combines, as its name suggests, the features of two different types of predicate. It has the features of the simple verbal predicate and those of the compound nominal predicate. It consists of two parts, both of which are notional. The first one is verbal and is expressed by a notional verb denoting an action or process performed by the person/non-person expressed by the subject. From this point of view it resembles the simple verbal predicate. But at the same time the verbal part of this predicate performs a linking function, as it links its second part (which is a predicative) to the subject. The second part of the compound nominal double predicate is expressed by a noun or an adjective which denotes the properties of the subject in the same way as the predicative of the compound nominal predicate proper does.

The moon was shining cold and bright.

The predicate here denotes two separate notions:

1) The moon was shining, and at the same time

2) The moon was cold and bright.

There are a number of verbs that often occur in this type of predicate, performing the double function of denoting a process and serving as link verbs at the same time. They are: to die, to leave, to lie, to marry, to return, to rise, to sit, to stand, to shine, etc. As in Modern English there is a growing tendency to use this type of predicate, the verbs occurring in it are not limited by any particular lexical class.

My daughter sat silent. He died a hero. She married young. The light came gray and pale. The men stood silent and motionless. They met friends and parted enemies. The moon rose round and yellow.

Mixed types of compound predicate

Compound predicates can combine elements of different types. Thus we have:

1. The compound modal verbal nominal predicate.

Jane must feel better pleased than ever. She couldn’t be happy.

2. Тhe compound modal nominal verbal predicate.

Are you able to walk another two miles? We were anxious to cooperate.



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3. The compound phasal nominal predicate.

He was beginning to look desperate. George began to be rather ashamed.

4. The compound modal phasal predicate.

You ought to stop doing that. He can’t continue training.

5. The compound nominal predicate of double orientation.

Mrs Bacon is said to be very ill. Walter seems to be unhappy.

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<== попередня сторінка | наступна сторінка ==>
WAYS OF EXPRESSING THE PREDICATIVE | AGREEMENT OF THE PREDICATE WITH THE SUBJECT

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