Тлумачний словник

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1. A Frenchman in London

I. A Frenchman once came to London It was his first visit to the English capital He stayed at a hotel, left his things there and sent a

telegram to his wife in which he informed her that he had arrived safely. Thai he decided to go sightseeing He went to the old district at first. He

admired the beautiful monuments and saw a great number of squares, palaces, buildings, streets, and shops. Then he had dinner at a restaurant. After dinner the Frenchman decided to see a play at a theatre. The play was excellent. The Frenchman thought his first day in London was very succcssful and decided to return to the hotel. As he was tired he took the most rapid means of transport — a taxi. Suddenly he discovered that he had forgotten the name and address of the hotel. He didn't know what to do.

II. Then he remembered the telegram which he'd sent to his wife in the morning. He asked the taxi-driver to take him to the nearest post-office. There he sent his wife another telegram with the words: "Send me the name of my hotel immediately at the following address."

2. Stones of the Pyramids

The Egyptian pyramids are huge structures which are almost 4,600 years old. The Pyramid of Cheops, for example, consists of 2,300,000 stones. Each of the stones weighs about 2.S tonnes.

According to the usual explanation large blocks of stone were cut in the mountains and then transported with the help of the most primitive equipment. So about 100 000 people had to take part in the construc­tion.

But the experiments ot our institute show that the stones of the pyramids were not transported to the construction site. Twelve years of research in the fields of chemistry and archaeology have given a quite definite answer. The stones of the pyramids were made synthetically. Egyptians produced a special solution. Later they mixed it with minerals. It took them several hours to transform this mixture into very hard rock. The rock was produced right on the construction site and so there was no need to transport heavy stones.

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Now scientists and engineers know how to produce hard materials synthetically. At present similar materials are used in modern industry. The synthetic rock looks like limestone, granite or any other rock.

The Egyptians had a great knowledge of mathematics and chemistry and they might have known this technique. The necessary minerals could be found anywhere.

The use of this technique is the only explanation for some strange facts: first, the presence of huge monolithic stones inside the pyramids which are too large for the entrance door; and second, the presence of a human hair which is 21 cm long inside one of the stones.


Key to Ex . 7 r;

1. explanation 2. measuring 3. previous 4. wheel
7. step 8 vehicle9. collapse 10. cuneat 11 degree
5. charge 6. backward




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Samuel Finley Morse was bom m 1791. He died in 1872. He was a portrait painter. Then he became an inventor. For twelve years he tried to | A Driving Test

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