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PROTEINS, MINERALS, VITAMINS

 

Proteinis a component of every body cell and important for building the material blood supply. Protein also is necessary for fetal hair, skin, muscle, nerve tissue and brain development. Women need approximately 10 more grams of protein daily – a total of 60 grams a day – during the pregnancy.

Minerals. Calcium and phosphorus are important minerals in fetal – bone development, a pregnant woman requires 1.200 mg of calcium and phosphorus daily. This is a 50 increase over what a woman needed before she became pregnant. Dairy products are excellent sources of both calcium and phosphorus, as well as of vitamin D which is necessary for calcium absorption.

 

 

Zinc is another mineral needed for fetal growth and development. Good food sources of zinc include meat, liver, eggs, seafood.

Iron builds maternal blood volume and fetal blood and muscle.

Many women enter pregnancy with low iron stores, resulting in anemia. Foods rich in iron include red meat, especially liver, raisins and fortified breads and cereals.

Vitamins. Folic acid is a vitamin important in protein metabolism, particularly in periods of rapid growth. Pregnant women should start the day with a good breakfast. Fortified ready – to eat cereal with milk and a glass of orange juice will provide at least half needs. Green leafy vegetables, liver and lentils are other good sources of folic acid.

 

TEXT 15

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SOME RULES FOR DRUG TAKING

If medicine is taken incorrectly, it may actually cause harm. As a rule, the prescription contains information about dosage, doses, time for taking it and the way of taking. But some patients do not always follow the prescribed instructions. Here some rules for drug taking:

1. Some medicines taken after meal can lose their affect. Hence pharmacological therapy follows this general rule: medicines having an organic structure should be taken one – half hour to one hour before meal – time.

2. Non – acid – resisting antibiotics (ampicillin, penicillin) and other medicines should be taken with acidic juices or drinks containing alcohol.



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TEETH

The first teeth erupt between 6 to 9 months. These are the lower central incisors. The gums look a bit swollen for a few days, and then tiny white spot appears, which is the tooth.

Over the next 3 – 4 month the teeth erupt with great rapidly the lower central pair, the upper central pair and then two more on either side in the lower and upper haws – making a total of 8 incisors. The rest of the teeth erupt in the manner shown in the table bellow, till the baby has 20 teeth.

Central incisors - 6 to 8 months

Lateral incisors - 8 to 12 months

First moral - 12 to 18 months

Cuspids - 16 to 20 months

Second moral - 20 to 30 months

The entire set of 20 teeth erupt by the age of 2.5 years. These are primary teeth.

 

 




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MEDICINE IN THE MIDDLE AGES | ЧИСЛИТЕЛЬНЫЕ.

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