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SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IN THE USA
1. Control of education
- control, administration and funding of education at three levels – federal, state and local; goals of education, the ideal of equal opportunity in education, the principle of mass education for all;
- history of American schools.
2. Primary and secondary education
- grades/levels of schooling – pre-school, elementary/primary school, middle school, high school, public schools and private schools;
- basic curriculum structure: a core curriculum of required basic subjects, common types of electives; types of high school diploma.
3. Standardized tests
- nationally administered standardized tests to measure a high school student’s chance of academic success in the first year of college – the SAT and ACT.
4. Higher education
- categories of higher education institutions : the university, consisting of several undergraduate colleges, and graduate and professional schools; the 4-year college, the 2-year community college;
- public and private institutions, the Ivy League universities, religiously affiliated universities;
- types of degree courses: core courses, major courses, minor courses, elective courses; types of academic degrees; the credit system.
1. Portrait of the USA.
2. About the USA.
3. D.K.Stevenson. American Life and Institutions.
4. World Book Encyclopedia.
5. American Heritage Encyclopedia.
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