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Engineering

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Engineering is based principally on physics, chemistry, and mathematics, and their extensions into materials science, solid and fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, transfer and rate processes, and systems analysis.

Engineering as a profession involves different tasks. It can refer specifically to the manufacture or assembly of engines, machine tools and machine parts. It is also used more generally to describe the creative application of scientific principles to design, develop, construct and forecast the behaviour of structures, apparatus, machines, manufacturing processes and works.

The function of scientists is to know, while that of engineers is to do: they must solve specific problems.

Engineering students should have an understanding of maths, physics and chemistry. Working with pharmaceuticals, food, mineral processing and chemical manufacturing, a chemical engineer is trained to understand, design, control, and investigate material flows. If you enjoy problem solving and find projects such as the Channel Tunnel and the Three Gorges Dam interesting, civil engineering may be for you. You will produce creative designs at an economical price while paying due concern to the environment. If your interest is in road building then you may decide to follow a specialized course in highway engineering. By studying electronic and electrical engineering you learn the design of complete systems, such as computers, controllers, power and transport systems. Mechanical engineers plan, design and develop a wide range of things: washing machines, cars and spacecraft. Production engineers work very closely with mechanical engineers to make new products at the right price, on time and in the correct quantity. As well as designing and selecting machines and materials, they also organize people and finance.

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II. Mark the statements which are true.

1. Engineering is based on physics, chemistry, mathematics and humanities.

2. If you follow a course in electronic and electrical engineering you learn computers, controllers.

3. Washing machines, cars and spacecraft are designed by mechanical engineers.

III. Write down the answers to the following questions.

1. Is engineering based on technical sciences or humanities?

 

2. What is the main task of a chemical engineer?

 

3. Who makes new products on time and in the correct quantity?

 

 

БЛОК 4

I. Describe your specialty (10-15 sentences). Get ready to speak on this topic according to the plan:

· Jobs and Places of work

· Educational Requirements

· Knowledge and Skills Requirements

· Personal Skills

· Duties

· Salary

· Benefits

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