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Составьте 10 предложений на английском языке, используя слова из активного словаря.
5. Составьте план пересказа текста и напишите по 2-3 предложения к каждому пункту.
III. Control Text
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An iron rod held in the fire long enough increases in energy content until it becomes too hot to hold in the unprotected hand. Nevertheless the rod is still iron, and when cooled to its original temperature, its properties are just as the were before.
The heating and the subsequent cooling of the rod are examples of physical changes.
A physical change may result in a more or less temporary alteration of a few of the properties of a substance involved, but no change of composition results from it and most of the altered properties usually regain their former value.
Changes of this type are numerous and many of them are familiar to everyone. As an example we may take the behavior of ice when its heated.
At first when heated the ice melts, when further heated, the liquid water boils forming the gaseous water (or the steam, as its usually called). If the steam is cooled, the process is reversed – when cooled sufficiently, the ice result. The substance present in every instance was water. This experiment shows that there are three physical states in which the substance may exist.
If the rod concerned is placed in a container of hydrochloric acid, it will be noted that bubbles begin to form on the rod. If the rod involved is left in the acid for some time, the evolution of gas will continue. When examined, it will be found that the rod has diminished in mass or disappeared altogether. The liquid in the container if examined will have a greenish colour.
If evaporated, a mass of greenish crystals will be obtained. The crystals will have totally different properties. This is an example of a chemical change. So, a chemical change may be called a chemical reaction or simply a reaction, the substances entering into a chemical reaction are called reactants.
Phenomena accompanied by radical changes of substances are called chemical phenomena.
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