United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Form of government
constitutional monarchy with two legislative houses (House of Lords [751(1)]; House of Commons )
Chief of state
Head of government
English; both English and Welsh in Wales
pound sterling (£)
Total area (sq mi)
Total area (sq km)
(1)As of November 2006 including 92 hereditary peers, 633 life peers, and 26 archbishops and bishops.
(2)Church of England “established” (protected by the state but not “official”); Church of Scotland “national” (exclusive jurisdiction in spiritual matters per Church of Scotland Act 1921); no established church in Northern Ireland or Wales.