Agriculture іn Ukraine
Ex.1. Read and translate the text.
Agriculture in Ukraine
For centuries agriculture has been an integral part of everything Ukrainian. The symbols of earth, fertility, plants and sun are everywhere. Traditionally mostly peaceful peasants populated the territory of Ukraine. The ancient practice of living off the soil and agricultural products has made Ukraine one of the world leading producers of grains, vegetable, oils, sugar. If you are looking for the country with favorable conditions for agricultural business there is hardly a better option than Ukraine.
Despite the dramatic changes Ukrainian economy has been passing through during the last decades, the national agricultural sector still holds its strong positions mainly due to its abundant resource base. The major alimentary products exported internationally are grains, rapeseeds, vegetables, sugar, sunflower oil, milk powder and meat.
20% of the agricultural exports including non-food batches go to Russia, while the countries of the European Union take up to 17% of the volume. China, Turkey and the United States of America receive 7%, 6% and 4% of food exports from Ukraine respectively.
Sugar and oil processing is another major segment of the Ukrainian economy. Research showed that one out of four people in Ukraine works in agriculture or forestry which speaks expressively enough for the largest European country with 46 million people.
Experts claim only 45-50% of the Ukrainian arable lands are used to cultivate crops while meat and poultry production has drastically decreased over the past decade despite the world’s growing demand for food. Private farmers run their businesses mainly due to legal agreements allowing using the land for the time periods from 5 to maximum 49 years. The economic forecasts proving agricultural output of Ukraine is not likely to be seriously affected by the world financial crisis make this country one of the most attractive for exploration and investments.
due to arable lands
milk powder investments
Ex.2 Answer the questions.
Ex. 3 Complete the sentences.
Ex.4 Compose the plan on the text “Agriculture in Ukraine”
Ex.5 Find the equivalents.
Ex.6 Translate the sentences into English.
Ex.7 Think and write the article about the agriculture of Ukraine as one of the most attractive country for exploration and investments. The article has to contain 5 sentences.