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There are twenty-four hours in a day. There are 60 seconds in a minute and 60 minutes in an hour. There are seven days in a week. The seven days of the week are named in honour of the sun, the moon and five of the planets.

Sunday is the suns day.

Monday is the moons day.

Tuesday is Mars day.

Wednesday is Mercurys day.

Thusday is Jupiters day.

Friday is Venus day.

Saturday is Saturns day.

The planets were named after Roman gods and goddesses. The beginning of the day is dawn or daybreak, then comes morning, noon (12 oclok), afternoon, evening and night. We cannot change the length of the day. The day is made for us by turning of the earth on its axis.

The sun rises in the east in the morning and sets in the west in the evening. When the sun shines it is light. When the sun sets it is dark, except for the light of the moon and the stars.

We can tell the time by means of watches and clocks.The first timepiece anyone made was a sundial. A sundial tells the time by shadows. The oldest sundial was made in Egypt about 3,500 years ago. It was common practice to divide the time between sunrise and sunset into 12 equal parts or hours.

The water clock was invented as long ago as the sundial. Water clocks could tell the time of day or night. But they often went wrong.

The sand-glass is another timepiece that was invented long ago.

Before true clocks were invented, fire was also used to measure the time.

The first true clock were made nearly 1.000 years ago. The first watches were made about 500 years ago.

We know that the time is not the same all over the world. For this reason the world has been divided into time zones. All the places in each zone have the same time. It is called standard time.


Active Words and Word Combinations:

the sun -

the moon -

the earth -

dawn or daybreak ,

timepiece ,

a sundial


sunset -


The seasons of the year

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