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FAMOUS SCIENTISTS

Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov was a famous Russian writer, chemist, and astronomer who made a lot in literature and science.

Lomonosov was born on November 19, 1711, in Denisovka (now Lomonosov), near Archangelsk, and studied at the University of the Imperial Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg. After studying in Germany at the Universities of Marburg and Freiberg, Lomonosov returned to St. Petersburg in 1745 to teach chemistry and built a teaching and research laboratory there four years later.

Lomonosov is often called the founder of Russian science. He was an innovator in many fields. As a scientist he rejected the phlogiston theory of matter commonly accepted at the time and he anticipated the kinetic theory of gases. He regarded heat as a form of motion, suggested the wave theory of light, and stated the idea of conservation of matter. Lomonosov was the first person to record the freezing of mercury and to observe the atmosphere of Venus during a solar transit.

Interested in the development of Russian education, Lomonosov helped to found Moscow State University in 1755, and in the same year wrote a grammar that reformed the Russian literary language by combining Old Church Slavonic with modern language. In 1760 he published the first history of Russia. He also revived the art of Russian mosaic and built a mosaic and colored-glass factory. Most of his achievements, however, were unknown outside Russia.

UNIT3

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

I. Text A: Materials science and technology,

Text B: Mechanical Properties of Materials.

II. Famous people of science and technology: Igor Sikorskly, Andrey Tupolev.


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  1. FAMOUS PEOPLE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
  2. FAMOUS PEOPLE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
  3. FAMOUS PEOPLE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
  4. FAMOUS PEOPLE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  5. However Henry Sweet and some other scientists say that these criteria are not characteristic of the majority of such units.
  6. V. Read brief information about scientists




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Text C: METALWORKING AND METAL PROPETIES | Text A: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Of MATERIALS

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