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Global demographics

ü As of 2012, the global sex ratio is approximately 1.01 males to 1 female the greater number of men is possibly due to the significant gender imbalances evident in the Indian and Chinese populations.

ü Approximately 26.3% of the global population is aged under 15, while 65.9% is aged 1564 and 7.9% is aged 65 or over.

ü The global average life expectancy is 67.07 years, with women living an average of 69 years and men approximately 65 years. In 2010, the global fertility rate was estimated at 2.52 children per woman.

ü Around 1.29 billion people (18.4% of the world population) live in extreme poverty,

ü Approximately 925 million people (13.2%) are malnourished.

ü 83% of the world's over-15s are considered literate.

ü The Han Chinese are the world's largest single ethnic group, constituting over 19% of the global population in 2011. The world's most-spoken first languages are Mandarin Chinese (spoken by 12.44% of the world's population), Spanish (4.85%), English (4.83%), Arabic (3.25%) and Hindustani (2.68%).

ü The world's largest religion is Christianity, whose adherents account for 33.35% of the global population; Islam is the second-largest religion, accounting for 22.43%, and Hinduism the third, accounting for 13.78%. In 2005, around 16% of the global population was reported to be non-religious.

Largest populations by country

Country Population % of world population
1. China 1,362,810,000 19.1%
2. India 1,240,380,000 17.4%
3. United States 317,541,000 4.44%
4. Indonesia 247,008,052 3.33%
5. Brazil 201,032,714 2.81%
6. Pakistan 185,649,000 2.6%
7. Nigeria 173,615,000 2.43%
8. Bangladesh 149,772,364 2.27%
9. Russia 143,600,000 2.01%
10. Japan 127,300,000 1.78%

Most densely populated countries

Country/region Population Area (sq.km) Density (pop.per 1sq.km.)
1. Singapore 5,399,200
2. Bahrain 1,234.571
3. Bangladesh 149,772,364 147,570
4. Taiwan 23,361,147 36,190
5. Mauritius 1, 257,900 2,040
6. South Korea 50,219,669 99,538
7. Lebanon 4,822,000 10,452
8. Netherlands 16,848,208 41,526
9. Rwanda 10,537,222 26,338
10. Haiti 10,413,211 27,065

Part 3. Regional survey of the world

Lesson 7

Theme 7: The USA

Plan:

1. Geographical location

2. Political system


:

  1. A global view of finance
  2. Environment Protection Must Be Global
  3. Global warming will cause more powerful thunderstorms
  4. V. Listening and watching: Globalization




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Population by region | Geographical location.

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