1. You are going to read an article about surfing. Choose the most suitable headings from the list (A-H) for each part. (1-6) of the article. There is one extra heading which you do not need to use. There is an example at the beginning (0).
a) Finding the waves
b) Surfers love the crowds
c) Surfing - it's addictive
d) Little equipment and a good trainer
e) Never easy - but always enjoyable
f) The international sport
g) Learning from previous generations
h)Two essentials: strength and fearlessness
Riding the waves can be the thrill of a lifetime. But what does it take to become a surfer?
0 If you have ever dreamt about incredibly big seas with huge powerful waves crashing onto sandy beaches, then you should definitely think about learning to surf. It's the most exciting watersport there is. Serious surfers must be very brave, love adventure and have lots of energy. Once they've experienced the excitement of a ride on top of the waves, they never want to stop. (C)
1. Surfers say they feel it's the only place to be. Many travel around the world searching for the perfect wave, moving from one surf festival to another and checking weather forecasts to see where the really exciting waves are expected next. Some even carry pagers which beep when there are weather reports of perfect conditions. A surfer's greatest disappointment would be missing the opportunity to surf in the best weather conditions.
2. Hawaii is where the sport began - the place which most surfers see as their 'true home". They love nature and the excitement you get from the deep waters. Enormous waves crash along mile after mile of beautiful sand, and every surfer dreams of experiencing surfing in Maui or Oahu. Other great surfing locations include Australia, the west coast of the U.S., the Caribbean. Brazil, Japan, Hong Kong, South Africa, the Canary Islands, and Cornwall. Experienced surfers are always in search of the best waves in some totally unspoilt paradise that hardly anyone has heard of.
3. It takes time for a beginner to learn the technique, but during a long hot summer, who minds practising? The professionals, of course, are in the sea every day. then come back onto the beach to do some exercises with weights. You need to be a strong swimmer with good balance and plenty of courage to be an expert surfer.
4 . You can surf almost anywhere in any weather if you are wearing a wet suit. All you need to do then is choose a surfboard and you're ready to go - hopefully into big waves that are warm, with an experienced teacher to lead you. You don't need to wear a wet suit in summer, but many surfers keep them on all the time since they can protect you from the hot sun as well as from cold water.
5. It can take a few weeks or it can take a whole summer for you to learn to catch a wave at the right moment, stand up on your board and stay there. It's an amazing feeling when you look down and see your feet on the board and realise you are finally standing up on the sea, even if you aren't very steady. Professional surfers look as if they learned to surf as soon as they could walk. For example, Shane Powell, an Australian professional, watched videos of Australian surfing heroes like Peter Townsend, Barton Lynch and Tom Carroll as he was growing up. He says. "As a boy I'd watch those surfers and just imagine myself riding the waves." Powell seems to move over the sea without any difficulty. He first practised on small waves, but clearly had talent. By the age of 17 he was touring with the world's best surfers, and now, at 23 he practises every day and an even younger generation of surfers study videos of him in action.
6. Simply watching great surfers will make you want to try the sport. If you do try it, you'll find muscles you never knew you had; you may begin to think you might never get it right, but you'll have a lot of fun.
2. Read and translate the sports news given bellow. Look through the newspapers, find sporting news to be discussed in class.
New 100 Meters Record. DURBAN, South Africa (Reuters) - South African swimmer Penny Heyns, 2 1, broke the women's 100 meters breaststroke world record Monday.
Heyns, swimming at the South African National Championships, clocked 1:07.46, record of 1:07.69, held by Samantha Riley of Australia since September 1994.
Heyns, who came close to the record last year at the World Student Games in Japan, had warned she would be trying again at the national championships.
Baumgartner wins Sullivan award. ORLANDO (Reuters) - Bruce Baumgartner, who has won every major wrestling title in his career, finally won the Sullivan award as the best amateur athlete in the United States on Monday.
Baumgartner, a finalist for the fifth time, was presented with the 1995 award at Walt Disney World. He is only the second wrestler in the 66-year history of the award to win. John Smith won in 1990. Baumgartner, 35, was the 1995 gold medallist at the World Freestyle Wrestling Championship. He won his. He won his 16th career national freestyle title last year and made the American world level team for the 14th straight time, both US records
3. Translate collocations
The table below gives examples of common sporting collocations with do, play and go.
You can also say you go to aerobics/judo/yoga/karate - this means that you go to a class in this sport.
4.Complete the sentences withdo, play orgo in the correct form.
You can. judo!.................. You can………….................... badminton!
You can. swimming! You can...................................... weight lifting!
You can. circuit training! You can.................................... table tennis!
You can. skateboarding! You can even................................... darts!
In fact, you can.......................... almost any sport you can think of. So join now!
5. Learners often make mistakes with some common collocations connected with sport. Make a point of learning these commonly used collocations.
• You do or play sport. (NOT
• You do exercises. (NOT
• You play computer or other games. (NOT game)
• You have/play a game of cards. (NOT
• You go skiing. (NOT
• You do activities. (NOT
6. Read the texts, translate, note the collocations
Sportsmen and sportswomen want to win matches, not lose matches. But you can't win all the time! Sometimes a team or player deserves to win, but gets narrowly defeated/beaten.
Before they go in for / enter a competition, athletes train hard. They probably attend/do at least five training sessions a week. They are likely to put up a fight to gain/get a place in the next stage/round of the competition. Of course, a sportsperson's ultimate aim is to break the world record in their sport. If they succeed, they set a new world record and become a world record holder. They are sure to come up against fierce/intense competition as they try to achieve their ambitions. Sometimes they are satisfied if they just achieve a personal best.
Some sports people so desperately want to win that they take drugs to enhance their performance. This will be discovered when they fail a drugs test.
You can play or have a (football) match / game (of football). It might be a home or an away match depending on whether you're playing on your team's home ground or not.
The aim is to score a goal. Players may tackle an opponent to try to take possession of the ball1. If you tackle in an illegal way, you foul your opponent. This will lead to the referee blowing his whistle and an opponent taking a penalty or taking a free kick. If someone isn't playing very well the manager may decide to drop the player from the team or bring on a substitute2. Both teams hope that they will have taken the lead3 by half-time.
1 get the ball
2 replace one player with another
3 be in a winning position
7. Look at the error warning. There are six verb + noun errors in this e-mail. Find and correct them.
Do you fancy coming on a sporting weekend with me next month? It sounds great - would make a change from playing computer games. You can make lots of different activities. You could even do fishing, I think. You can't go skiing at this time of year but you can make water skiing, if you like. Everyone has to make general exercises first thing in the morning and then you can make whatever sport you like, more or less. I've never practised badminton so I think I'm going to do that. Then in the afternoon I'm looking forward to the chance to practise my tennis serve with their professional coach. Please try to come! Giorgio.