Analyse cases of metaphor into the components of its structure.

1. And the skirts! What a sight were those skirts! They were nothing but vast decorated pyramids; on the summit of each was stuck the upper half of a princess. (A. Bennett)


2. A woman is a foreign land,

Of which, though there he settles young,

A man will ne'er quite understand

The customs, politics, and tongue. (C. Patmore)


3. It belonged, in its strange fashion, to a past that was dead and gone, while Harry himself had become a kind of ghost, a phantom figure walking in another time. (D. Du Maurier)


4. We need you so much here. It's a dear old town, but it's a rough diamond, and we need you for the polishing, and we're ever so humble. (S. Lewis)


5. She set off across the road, half indicating that she expected him to follow. He did so, smouldering. An insignificant tug in the lee of an overproud liner. (Ph. Turner)


6. Good name in man and woman, dear my lord,

Is the immediate jewel of their souls;

Who steals my purse, steals trash; 't is something nothing;

'T was mine, 't is his , and has been slave to thousands;

But he that filches from me my good name

Robs me of that which not enriches him,

And makes me poor indeed. (W. Shakespeare)


7. His irritation melted when he saw her coming across the road from All Saints. (Ph. Turner)


10. A. Identify the trope and its type in the following sentences:

1. The landlord stood at the door to welcome us, simpering like a wolf. He was a long, lean, black-fanged man with a greased love-curland pouncing eyes. What a beautiful August day! he said, and touched his love-curl with a claw. That was the way he must have welcomed the Mountain's Sheep before he ate it, I said to myself. The members rushed out, bleating, and into the bar. (D. Thomas)


2. The thought was in his mind when he came abreast of a house that was smaller than some others, but all finished and beautiful like a toy; the steps of that house shone like silver, and the borders of the garden, bloomed like garlands; and the windows were bright like diamonds; and Keave stopped and wondered at the excellence of all he saw. (R.L. Stevenson)


3. Life was treating her still as if she were a straw in the wind, a leaf on a stream. (E. Glasgow)


4. (...) a style without metaphor and simile, is to me like a day without sun, or a woodland without birds. (D. Lucas)


5. An outsider might have come to the conclusion that Edna looked like a slightly soiled and cheapened elf. (G.B. Priestley)

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Do a jigsaw task identifying examples of metonymy in the columns. Choose at least 5 cases of metonymy and explain why the original use of a word has turned into a metonymical one. | B. Do the jigsaw task.

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