Political groups and parties

List of committees

Internal affairs

Budgets Budgetary Control Economic and Monetary Affairs Employment and Social Affairs Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Industry, Research and Energy Internal Market and Consumer Protection Transport and Tourism Regional Development Agriculture and Rural Development Fisheries Culture and Education Legal Affairs Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Constitutional Affairs Women's Rights and Gender Equality Petitions

External affairs

Foreign Affairs o Human Rights (Subcommittee) o Security and Defence (Subcommittee) Development International Trade

The political parties in the European Parliament are organised into a number of political groupings as well as a number of registered European political parties. However most continue to be members of separate national political parties and discipline within European parties and groupings is not rigid. The makeup of the parliament's groups is fluid, and both national delegations and individual MEPs are free to switch allegiances as they see fit.

European Parliament political groups are distinct from the corresponding European political parties, although they are intimately linked. Usually, the European parties also have member parties from European countries which are not members of the European Union. At the start of Parliament's sixth term in 2004 there were seven groups, as well as a number of non-aligned members, known as non-inscrits.

European Parliament seats by political groups, from 1979 to 2004

As of January 1, 2007 the composition of the European Parliament is:

Group Component parties/subgroups Seats
European People's PartyEuropean Democrats (EPP-ED) European People's Party (EPP) European Democrats (ED)
Group of the Party of European Socialists Party of European Socialists (PES)
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) European Democratic Party (EDP) + 2 unaffiliated national parties
Union for Europe of the Nations (UEN) Alliance for Europe of the Nations (AEN) EUDemocrats (EUD) (part) + 3 unaffiliated national parties
European GreensEuropean Free Alliance (Greens-EFA) European Green Party (EGP) European Free Alliance (EFA) +1 unaffiliated national party
European United LeftNordic Green Left (GUE-NGL) Party of the European Left Nordic Green Left Alliance (NGLA) + 5 unaffiliated national parties
Independence and Democracy (IND/DEM) Alliance of Independent Democrats in Europe (AIDE) EUDemocrats (EUD) (part) + 3 unaffiliated national parties
Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty (ITS) Euronat + 5 unaffiliated national parties
Non Affiliated (Non-Inscrits) (NI)



  1. Free Word-Groups Versus Phraseological Units Versus Words
  2. Lexico-Grammatical groups
  3. Named groups of data models.

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