Task 10

Task 9

Order, point, flat, left, rise.

Task 7

Task 6

Task 5

Un-, in-, mis-, dis-.

Task 4

Task 3

Task 2

Task I




Answer the following questions:


When and under what circumstances did England become a bi-lingual country? What imprint features were left in English vocabulary by this period?


What Celtic borrowings are there in English?


What are the characteristic features of words borrowed into English during the Renaissance?


What suffixes and prefixes can help you to recognize words of Latin and French origin?




Identify the period of the following Latin borrowings; point out the structural and semantic peculiarities of the words from each period.


Phenomenon, nun, kitchen, plum, pear, pepper, datum, cup, status, wine, philosophy, method, memorandum.


a)Find in the dictionary the adjectives with the following suffixes (not less than 5 adjectives for every suffix):


-ible (eg :sensible)

-ish (eg : childish)

-ive (eg : attractive)

-ous (eg : dangerous)

-y (eg : dirty)


b) Explain the etymology and productivity of the affixes given below. Say what parts of speech can be formed with their help.


-er, -less, -ate, -ing, -al, -ful, un-, re-, im(in)-, -ed, -en, -ess.



Using a dictionary write the nouns and adjectives given below with these prefixes:


Respectful, respect; approvingly, approval; applicable, applicability; adequate, adequacy; pronunciation; attentive, attention; complaining; clean; conscious; pleasant, pleasure; agreeable, agreement .



Identify the compounds in the word-groups below.


An old schoolmate; a cagelike crate; a slightly stoop-shouldered man; a somewhat matter-of-fact manner; a fur-lined boot; to pick forget-me-nots and lily-of-the-valley; a small T-shirt.

Consider your answers to the following:


1.What types of semantic components can be distinguished within the meaning of a word?


2. What is one of the most promising methods of investigating the semantic structure of a word? What is understood by collocability (combinability)?


How can one distinguish between the different meanings of a word and the different variations of combinability?


What is meant by the widening and the narrowing of meaning?



Find pairs of antonyms in the following words :


Wide, poor, educated, kindness, clean, malice, shabby, narrow, delicious, illiterate, disgusting, soft, rich, rigid.



Task 8


Find in the dictionary not less than three different meanings of the following words:




Look through synonymic dictionaries and prove that the rows of words given below are synonyms:


1. To shout to yell to roar. 2. Angry furious enraged. 3. Alone solitary lonely. 4. To shudder to shiver to trmble.


Find in Russian the equivalents for the following metaphors:


Whispering leaves, land of milk and honey, brainwashing, golden rule, golden mine.

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