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LECTURE 4PHONOLOGICAL ASPECT OF SPEECH SOUNDS

Phonology.Phoneme theory. Phonological schools

Definition of the phoneme
The segmental phoneme is the smallest (i. e. further indivisible into smaller consecutive segments) language unit(sound type) that exists in the speech of all the members of a given language community as such sounds which are capable of distinguishing one word from another word of the same language or one grammatical form of a word from another grammatical form of the same word
Types of phonological schools
  Moscow   Leningrad   London   American   Prague Linguistic circle

 

Representatives of phonological schools
R.A.Avanessov, A.A.Reformatsky N.F.Yakovlev, V.N.Sidorov and others   L.V.Scherba, L.R.Zinder, M.I.Matusevitch, O.I.Dikushina, V.A.Vassilyev, G.P.Torsuev and others   D.Jones   L.Bloomfield, E.Sapir, Ch.F.Hockett, W.F.Twadell   N.S.Trubetskoy, R.Jakobson,

Phonologyis the study of the sound system of languages. At one extreme, phonology is concerned with anatomy and physiology- the organs of speech and how we learn to use them. At another extreme, phonology shades into socio-linguistic as we consider social attitudes to features of sound such as accent and intonation. And part of the subject is concerned with finding objective standard ways of recording speech, and representing this symbolically.


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