Новини освіти і науки:

Тлумачний словник


Read the following text and fill in the gaps with one suitable word.

Ancient (1) __________ is everything that was built in ancient times by ancient (2) __________ and is worthy of preservation and study due to archaeological or heritage interest. It could be buildings, (3)__________ , monuments, bridges, etc. The purposes of these structures were different. Some of the structures were (4) __________ for living (buildings), some for (5) __________ of the population (for example (6) __________ walls around the towns), some for religion ceremonies (for example (7)__________ , cathedrals), etc. Usually a construction was built by (8) __________ , who often died during hard work. The main (9) __________ for construction in ancient times were stone (10) __________ and (11)__________ ; later (12) __________ and bricks appeared. This time was the time of ancient (13) __________ where the design was based on (14) __________ rather than on (15) __________ and accurate calculations. But nevertheless, many of the structures were (16) __________ enough and can be seen and even used in present.

If the task was too difficult for you, take the words from the following box to fill in the gaps:

labourers cement defensive walls blocks pyramids scientific structure used materials engineering civilizations protection strong earth experience


Part III

(… адрес интернет-странички с видеороликами…)




1. Can you make a list of 7 wonders of the ancient world?

2. Were they built BC or AD?

3. Do all of them still exist?

4. What could destroy them? (p.a. - time, rain, earthquake, fire, flood, etc. - natural disasters; people, war, etc.)

5. Study the following words and phrases: “BC/AD”, “earthquake”, “fire”.


Watch the whole video-track and fulfill the following tasks:

6. Put the 7 wonders of the ancient world in the order they appear in the track:

Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Colossus of Rhodes
Great Pyramid of Giza
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
Hanging Gardens of Babylon

7. Complete the following table. Fill in information about the builders of a wonder, time of construction, their present existence, cause of destruction.

Wonder Builders Time of construction Time of destruction Cause of destruction
Great Pyramid of Giza
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
Colossus of Rhodes
Lighthouse of Alexandria


8. Choose any wonder from the list above and find additional information about it. Get ready to present it to your class.



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