Analyse the complex sentences with adverbial clauses, see the way the clauses are introduced, and state their type.
1. Why did you not stay where you were out in France? 2. When he saw me he stopped and waited until I came down into the hall. 3. Gemma went into society only because the reputation of a well-dressed society woman was necessary for her conspiratorial work. 4. Montanelli looked him (the Governor) over deliberately, almost as if he had been inspecting a new and disagreeable animal. 5. She showed him the house in such a way that he might get the impression that she considered to some purpose the comfort of others. 6. She was rather more handsome in her late twenties than she had been when he had first met her five years before. 7. The place was so delightful that we stayed there all summer. 8. Simple as the case seems now, there may be something deeper underlying. 9. There was less weaving to do than formerly, since factories were being made everywhere. 10. I warn you that, unless you are prepared to furnish me with a satisfactory explanation, I shall feel bound to complain to the British Ambassador. 11. He might have fallen asleep had he not been kept awake by a very curious incident. 12. Nobody blamed Tess as she blamed herself. 13. My old man was a different man then, I could see that even though I was a kid. 14. Whatever she does, she does well. 15. Back in her own room, Aunt Juley stood at the window gazing at the moon through a chink in the muslin curtain close "drawn lest anyone should see.
29. Choose as, when or while, whichever is correct or more likely, to complete these sentences. If there is more than one possible answer, write them both and notice any differences in meaning.
1. She fell over … she kicked the ball.
2. … we were younger our parents had to pay for our music lessons.
3. … I speak Spanish, I talk slowly to help people understand me.
4. … I carefully packed all the old books into boxes, Emily wrote down their titles in a notebook.
5. She stayed at home watching television … her brother was at school.
6. Where did you live … you got married?
7. … I'm older I'd love to be a dancer.
8. … the results started to come in, it became clear that President Como had lost the election.
9. The humidity started to increase … the day wore on.
10. … the boy watched in fascination, the ants picked up the dead beetle and carried it off to their nest.
11. The fan makes a screeching sound … I switch the computer on.
12. … the meeting continued, it became clear that the two sides would not reach an agreement.
13. … the car went by, someone waved to me through the window.
14. … Kingsley had finished, he tidied up the room and left.
15. The snow was getting deeper and deeper … we waited for the delayed train to arrive.
16. I was in the shower … the phone rang.
17. … the paint dries it changes from a light to a deep red.
30. Here are some extracts from a talk about the life and work of Professor Johannes Wichmann. Write before or until in the spaces or before/until if both are possible.
1. He continued to work at London University … he retired in 1978.
2. … he left his native country, he learned English by listening to the radio.
3. It wasn't long … he was appointed Professor of Chemistry.
4. He married Martha … he moved to England in 1935.
5. … he came to England he worked in his father's grocery shop.
6. He kept applying for university research positions … he was appointed to a post at London University.
7. He was almost unknown outside his specialised field … he was awarded the Nobel Prize.
8. He would work in his laboratory for days at a time … he had gathered the results he needed.