Geographical location

Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why the country is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is an archipelago of 6,852 islands, the four largest being Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku. Together, these four islands hold about 97 percent of the country's land area. Japan has the world's tenth-largest population, with more than 126 million people. Honshū's Greater Tokyo Area includes the de facto capital city of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures. It is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with more than 30 million residents.

About 73 percent of Japan is forested, mountainous, and unsuitable for agricultural, industrial, or residential use. As a result, the habitable zones, mainly located in coastal areas, have extremely high population densities. Japan is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.

The islands of Japan are located in a volcanic zone on the Pacific Ring of Fire. Japan has 108 active volcanoes. Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunami, occur several times each century.

Climate varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north. Natural resources are negligible mineral resources, fish. With virtually no energy natural resources, Japan is the world's largest importer of coal and liquefied natural gas, as well as the second largest importer of oil.


  2. Choose the correct collocation.
  4. Complete each sentence using collocations given above.
  5. Complete the collocations in this report of a rugby match.
  6. Differentiating consonants with same location and manner of articulation
  7. Geographical Expansion of the English Language from the 17th to 19th c. English Outside Great Britain
  8. Geographical location.
  9. Geographical position and natural resources of USA.
  10. Geographical Position of Great Britain
  11. Geographical Position of Great Britain

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Lesson 17 | Population

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