Experimenting with Lines








Unit.7. Line

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Ex. 1. :


It might be said that all art begins with a line. You see lines everywhere in your daily life. As you ride in a car along a highway, the edges of the road straight ahead of you form two lines that meet in the distance. The edge of each wall of your classroom is a line. So are the curves that make up the letter s.

To the artist, a lineis the path of a dot through space. In this lesson, you will learnabout different kinds of lines. You will seehow these lines can be used to suggest specificfeelings and ideas.

By definition, every line goes somewhere. A line may travel up, down, or across. It may move at an angle, or it may curve back on itself. Each type of line carries a different message to the viewer.

There are five main kinds of line: horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curved, and zigzag.

Horizontal lines run from side to side. Lines of this type seem to be at rest. They may suggest peace and quiet. Think of the line of a calm lake where the water meets the sky

(Figure 71).


Vertical lines run up and down. They never lean. Lines of this type seem to be standing at attention. Artists use vertical lines to show strength and permanence.

Picture the soaring lines of a skyscraper (Figure 72).

Diagonal lines are straight lines that slant. Lines of this type suggest a sense of movement and excitement. They seem to be rising or falling. Diagonal lines are used to give a sense of movement.

Curved lines arelines that changedirection little bylittle. Wiggly linesare made up of twoor more curves. Spirals and circles also begin with curved lines. Like diagonals, curved lines express movement, but in a more graceful way (Figure 73).

Zigzag lines are formed by joining several diagonals that move in different directions.

The diagonals form sharp angles that make lines change direction suddenly. Zigzag lines create confusion. They suggest action or nervous excitement (Figure 74).


Think about the crease in a pair of freshly ironed trousers. Would you describe this

line as smooth or rough? How about a line made with chalk? Smoothness, roughness, thickness, and thinness each represent a different line quality.This quality is the unique character of any line.

How a line appears depends on several factors. These include:

The tool used. Acrayon produces a slightly ragged line. Apaintbrush dipped in ink produces a line that narrows and trails off.

The pressure of the artists hand. Pressing down on a tool creates a thicker line.

Using less pressure creates a thinner line. How would you describe the quality of

the lines in Figure 75?Are the lines smooth or rough? Are they thick or thin?

Vincent van Gogh. Corner of a Park at Arles (Tree in a Meadow). 1889. Reed pen and black ink overcharcoal. 49.3 _ 61.3 cm (193⁄5 _ 24_). The ArtInstitute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Gift ofTiffany and Margaret Blake, 1945.3.


Ex. 2. (Figure 75).

Ex. 3. .


Ex. 4. .

Ex. 5. :

Demonstrate technical skills.Start developing your art skills by using a variety of art tools. These might include pencil, marker, brush and ink, chalk, and crayon. Practice using the tools to draw lines. Notice the quality of line each tool produces. Try drawing lines that express different feelings. These might include joy, fear, anger, and excitement. Share your lines with classmates.


1.Name the five directions a line can take.

2.Tell how each of the line types can make a viewer feel or react.

3.What is line quality?


  1. Map of disciplines interfacing with Translation Studies

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Texture | Monochromatic

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