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Classification of pronouns.

Pronouns fall under the following groups:

 

(1) personalpronouns: I, he, she, it, we, you, they.

(2) possessivepronouns: my, his, her, its, our, your, their; mine, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs.

(3) reflexivepronouns: myself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourself (yourselves), themselves.

(4) reciprocalpronouns: each other, one another.

(5) demonstrativepronouns: this (these), that (those), such, (the) same.

(6) interrogative pronouns: who, whose, what, which.

(7) relativepronouns: who, whose, which, that, as.

(8) conjunctivepronouns: who, whose, which, what.

(9) definingpronouns: each, every, everybody, everyone, everything, all, either, both, other, another.

(10) indefinitepronouns: some, any, somebody, anybody, something, anything, someone, anyone, one.

(11) negativepronouns: no, none, neither, nobody, no one, nothing.

 

There is no uniformity of morphological and syntactical characteristics in the groups of pronouns. Some pronouns have the grammatical categories of person, gender, case, and number.The categories of person and gender (in the third person singular) exist only in personal, and possessive pronouns.

Pronouns as well as nouns have two cases but whereas some pronouns (e. g., personal pronouns and the relative and interrogative who)have the nominative and objective cases, others (e. g. indefinite pronouns such as somebody, reciprocal pronouns such as one another, negative pronouns such as nobody)have the common and genitive cases.

The category of number is found in demonstrative pronouns (this and that)and the defining pronoun other.

Many pronouns are characterised by double syntactical use (they may be used as subject, predicative, object, and at the same time as attribute). Here belong demonstrative pronouns, possessive pronouns, etc.

 


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<== попередня сторінка | наступна сторінка ==>
Grammatical characteristics of relative adjectives. | Personal pronouns.

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