Another logical method of organization is CLASSIFICATION: the grouping of items or data according to their similarities and differences. Some data can be classified in many different ways.
Consider the following items:
bread meat lettuce
milk potatoes soup
eggs ice cream pie
How many different methods of classification can be used for these items?
They can be classified according to food value, according to the time of theday at which they are usually eaten, according to price, etc.
When you classify data, choose the kind (kinds) of classification that seems most logical to you.
Exercise 23. Examine the following English words. Divide them into groups. You can have as many groups as you wish. Be prepared to explain why you grouped them as you did.
stupid eat hope
athlete philosophy doctor
nurse thin introduce
think biology mathematics
beautiful economist mother
The data you are given are in no particular order. They are a list, an ENUMERATION. When we ENUMERATE, we merely list; when we CLASSIFY, we impose ORDER on a list.
The following is a list of some of the structure vocabulary you needwhen you write about classification:
main kinds of primary, secondary contradictory
major kinds of minor opposing
basic kinds of unimportant opposite
fundamental insignificant contrasting
significant similar classify
important dissimilar divide
Also words like:
kinds types attributes
methods sources characteristics
parts regions factors
divisions origins eras
categories bases times
Exercise 24. Classification (Transportation)
Before we can write a composition of classification, we must:
1) accumulate data;
2) arrange the data into categories according to a logical method;
3) eliminate irrelevancies.
A. Add data to the following list, i.e., ENUMERATE moreexamples.
Methods of Transportation
1.steamship 6.horse 11.
2.sailboat 7.jet plane 12.
3.bicycle 8.bus 13.
4.canoe 9.train 14.
5.automobile 10.propeller plane 15.
В. Arrange the categories according to different methods of grouping:
1st possible method of grouping: by kind of power used
2nd possible method of grouping:
3rd possible method of grouping:
C. Write a composition using one method of classification. The following are suggested opening sentences.
1. We can divide transportation into ____major classes according to_____.
2. Transportation falls into ________ types in accordance with _________.
3.If we examine different kinds of transportation, we can see ___________ different levels of _______.
Content vocabulary you may want to use
power land mass transport
efficiency air individual transport
distance ease convenience
long-distance cost technology
passengers maintenance historical
sea replacement development