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CLASSIFICATIONS OF ENGLISH COMPOUNDS

1. According to the parts of speech compounds are subdivided into:

a) nouns: baby-moon, globe-trotter,

bahuvrihi compound nouns: adjective stem + noun stem (metonymical relations):high-brow, lazy-bones.

b) adjectives: free-for-all, power-happy, dog-tired, life-long, peace-loving, good-looking, man-made, home-made, well-red.

c) verbs: to honey-moon, to baby-sit, to henpeck, hi-jack, etc. (pseudo-compounds( H. Marchand)

d) adverbs: downdeep, headfirst,

e) prepositions: into, within,

f) numerals: fifty-five.

2. According to the way components are joined together compounds are divided into:

a) neutral, formed by joining together two stems without any joining morpheme, e.g. ball-point, to window-shop,

b) morphological with components joined by a linking element : vowels o or i or the consonant s, e.g. astrospace, handicraft, sportsman

c) Syntactical with the components joined by means of form-word stems, e.g. here-and-now, free-for-all, do-or-die .

3. According to their structure compounds are subdivided into:

a) compound words proper which consist of two stems, e.g. to job-hunt, train-sick, go-go, tip-top ,

b) derivational compounds: stems + affixes, e.g. ear-minded, hydro-skimmer, teenager, narrow-minded, schoolboyishness, Romeo-and-Julietishness (phrasal derivation).

c) compound words consisting of three or more stems, e.g. cornflower-blue, eggshell-thin, singer-songwriter,


:

  1. An Extract from the Late Middle English works criticizing the Church
  2. Ask your friend questions in English about their content. Summarize his/her answers.
  3. CLASSIFICATIONS OF PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS
  4. Compose sentences in English using the word-combinations from Ex. 8.
  5. Conversion is the main way of forming verbs in Modern English. Verbs can be formed from nouns of different semantic groups and have different meanings, e.g.
  6. D) compound-shortened words (contracted compounds),
  7. Discuss the basic situations: a) you show your city to English-speaking visitors; b) you take them on a sightseeing route; c) you answer the guests questions.
  8. Discuss the basic situations: a) you show your city to English-speaking visitors; b) you take them on a sightseeing route; c) you answer the guests questions.
  9. ENGLISH AS A MEANS OF INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION
  10. English Language
  11. English meals




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Spelling in English compounds is not very reliable as well because they can have different spelling even in the same text, | D) compound-shortened words (contracted compounds),

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