What are the sights in the capital?
London is situated upon both banks of the Thames (river). London has four most important parts which are the City (the oldest part, now the commercial centre), the West End (with the most interesting theatres, museums, galleries, restaurant etc.), the East End (the poorest part) and Westminster (with Government buildings).
London taxis are called black cabs. Most London buses are red double-deckers. A nickname of the London police name is Bobby.
Westminster Abbey is a fine Gothic building, which has been the crowning palace, many great men (Newton, Darwin, Chaucer, Dickens …) are buried here.
St. Paul’s Cathedral is the work of the the famous architect Sir Christopher Wren (buried in the Cathedral as well as Nelson, Wellington and Sir Joshua Reynolds).
The Tower of London has been a fortress, a palace and royal treasury. Now it is a museum of arms and one of the strongest fortresses.
The Houses of Parliament consisting of the Palace of Westminster, together with Victoria Tower and the Clock Tower-Big Ben is a parliament house.
Trafalgar Square and Nelson’s Column are built in the memory of the naval battle (1805) when Admiral Lord Nelson was wounded.
Piccadily Circus is the centre of night life in the West End.
Buckingham Palace is the London residence of the Sovereign (queen or king)
Hyde Park with the Speaker’s Corner is the largest park with the place for open-air meetings.
Kensington Gardens, St. James Park are large parks.
British Museum is one of the world largest museums.
Tate Gallery has a collection of modern British and foreign paintings and sculpture.
Madam Tussauds is an art gallery.
Royal Opera House, Covent Garden give seasons of opera and ballet.
Shakespeare’s Globe Phayhouse is one of major theatres.
Royal Albert House is a concert house.
Scotland Yard is the headquarters of Metropolitan Police.
What is the national mass-media?
The quality daily papers are «The Times», «The Guardian», «The Daily telegraph» and the «The Financial Times». Fleet Street in London is associated with press, because it is the home of most newspapers. The two most popular daily newspapers are the Sun and the Daily Mirror.
There are five channels on British TV: BBC1 (British Broad casting Corporation), BBC2, ITV (Independent Television Commission), Channel 4, and Channel 5. The BBC broadcasts on five national and 32 local radio stations.