British culture, traditions and mass media.



1. Artistic and Cultural Life in Britain

2. Inigo Jones and Christopher Wren

3. Westminster Abbey

4. St. Pauls Cathedral

5. The Tower of London

6. Art Galleries

7. Curiosities of London

8. The British Museum

9. Press



Artistic and Cultural Life in Britain

Artistic and cultural life in Britain is rather rich. It passed several main stages in its development. The Saxon King Alfred encouraged the arts and culture. The chief debt owed to him by English literature is for his translations of and commentaries on Latin works.

Art, culture and literature flowered during the Elizabethan age, the reign of Elizabeth I; it was the period of English domination of the oceans. It was at this time that William Shakespeare lived. The empire, which was very powerful under Queen Victoria saw another cultural and artistic hey-day as a result of industrialization and the expansion of international trade.

But German air raids caused much damage in the First World War and then during the Second World War. The madness of the wars briefly interrupted the development of culture. Immigrants who have arrived from all parts of the Commonwealth since 1945 have not only created a mixture of nations, but have also brought their cultures and habits with them.

Monuments and traces of past greatness are everywhere. There are buildings of all styles and periods. A great number of museums and galleries display precious and interesting finds from all parts of the world and from all stages in the development of nature, man and art.

London is one of the leading world centers for music, drama, opera and dance. Festivals held in towns and cities throughout the country attract much interest. Many British playwrights, composers, sculptors, painters, writers, actors, singers and dancers are internationally famous.

The British Council promotes knowledge of British culture and literature overseas, organizing British participation in international exhibitions and encouraging professional interchange in all cultural fields between Britain and other countries.


  1. American Customs and Traditions
  2. British Customs and Traditions
  3. British Universities
  4. British-Ukrainian Relationship
  5. Class readership of British press
  6. Customs and Traditions
  7. E. Write in words how you would say the numbers in brackets, in British English. The first one is done as an example for you.
  8. Every family has some customs and traditions. Speak about the traditions and rules in your family and the household chores you all have.
  9. Fig. 1. The British Class System
  10. Geographical position of the British Isles

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