A. The Dependent Genitive.


1. The chief meaning of the genitive case is that of possession:


...a young man and a girl came out of the solicitorsoffice. (Braine)

He stayed at Fannysflat. (Aldington)


2. Very close to the meaning of possession is that of a part to a whole:


A faint smile had come on Victorinesface she was adding up the money

she might earn. (Galsworthy)

His sisterseyes fixed on him with a certain astonishment, obliged him at last

to look at Fleur. (Galsworthy)


3. The Dependent Genitive may express the doer of an action (the so-called subjective genitive) or show that some person is the object of the action (the so-called objective genitive):


It was Tomsstep, then, that Maggie heard on the steps. (Eliot)

Gwendolensreception in the neighbourhood fulfilled her uncles

expectations. (Eliot)


4. The noun in the genitive case may denote qualitative relations:


He looked ever so much smarter in his new officersclothes with the little

blue chevron... (Aldington)


The use of the genitive case of nouns denoting inanimate things and abstract notions is rather limited.

The genitive case of nouns denoting inanimate things may denote therelations between a part and the whole.


...the sudden shaking of an aspensleaves in the puffs of breeze that rose

along the river... (Galsworthy)

He stepped on the trucksrunning board hanging on with his left arm. (Heym)


The genitive case of nouns expressing time, space and weight is widely used.


From the depot he was sent to the officers training camp with two days

leave. (Aldington)

They both quite took to him again and during his monthsleave gave him a

good time. (Aldington)

There is a remnant still of the last years golden clusters... (Eliot)

The three of us had had dinner, and walked down past the theatre to the

riversedge. (Snow)


B. The Absolute Genitive.


1. The Absolute Genitive may be used anaphorically.


Mrs. Mosss face bore a faded resemblance to her brothers.(Eliot)

The face Michael drew began by being Victorinesand ended by being



2. The Absolute Genitive may have local meaning: the stationers, the bakers, the tobacconists, my uncles, etc.


On her way home she usually bought a slice of honey-cake at the bakers.


My dear, said the lace collar she secured from Partridges,I fit you

beautifully. (Dreiser)


The Absolute Genitive may be introduced by the preposition of.

She is a relation of the Colonels. (Austen)

Chapter II



  1. Do the independent stylistic analysis of the following texts.
  2. E.g. The Appellate Committee of the House of Lords was independent, effective, inexpensive and was regarded as one of the finest courts in the world.
  3. Figure 23 - Pressure independent of shape of the vessel
  4. Identifying morphemes independently of meaning
  5. Independent journalists and bloggers
  6. Independent Practice
  7. Independent Practice
  8. Independent Vowel Changes in Proto-Germanic
  9. Reading Independently
  10. Reading Independently

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The category of case. | General notion.

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