THE WORDS OF THE CATEGORY OF STATE
§ 1.The words of the category of state denote the temporary stateor conditionof persons or things.
But Johnny and Paddy were asleep,the rose-red glow had paled, bats were
flying, and still the bathers had not returned. (Mansfield)
Crearer said, “I’m afraid,General, we have to rely on the appeal of the
§ 2. As regards formthe words of the category of state have the prefix a-: ablaze, afire, aflame, afoot, afraid, asleep, awake, etc.
§ 3. They are mainly used in the function of a predicative.
“He is awake!”Sally cried. (Saxton)
That was all right in the daytime, but while Alice was putting her to bed she
grew suddenly afraid.(Mansfield)
When he got into bed, he was sure he’d never fall asleep,and yet he was dog-
...but at the first double knock every window in the street became alivewith
female heads. (Dickens)
Words of the category of state may be used as objective predicatives.
She was saying that she intended to leave him entirely aloneagain. (Wilson)
Words of the category of state may be sometimes used as attributes. But unlike adjectives they cannot be placed before the words they modify. As attributes they may be only used in post-position:
The father and mother dolls, who sprawled very stiff as though they had
fainted in the drawing-room, and their two little children asleepupstairs were
really too big for the doll’s house. (Mansfield)
§ 4. Words of the category of state can be modified by adverbs of degree:
Sally, who had been half asleepwith her head on Eddie’s lap, woke up and
began chanting. (Saxton)
Mrs. Gamp’s curtains were drawn close, and Mrs. Gamp was fast asleep.
He immediately came fully awake.(Heym)
Words of the category of state may take prepositional indirect objects.
“You were afraid of the war?”she asked compassionately. (Heym)
...but at the first double knock every window in the street became alive with
“Merry,” cried that more prudent damsel, “really I am ashamed of you.”
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