C. Instead of repeating the full name for something, we often use pronouns or some other reference words. What do the highlighted words below refer to in the text?

1. It would be more appropriate today to call it a nation of gardeners.

2. It is one of the most fundamental experiences.

3. In itsfirst room hangs a Turner view of an Italian garden.

4. The British garden became about experiencing it rather than just looking at it.

5. They were meant to display the culture of their owners.

6. Gardening now is a language that everyone in Britain understands.

7. Itwill change with fashion and technology, but in important ways it will remain the same.

8. The group has ballooned from a handful of botanists to one of the largest associations in the country.

9. Itwas applauded by the Financial Times.

10. British garden informality is opposed to their garden artifice.


D. Frequently it is necessary to compare and contrast. The language of comparison and contrast is needed when studying some statistical information as well as opposing two (or more) ideas in the text. The most useful vocabulary to be used in comparing and contrasting is:

is quite

totally different from

entirely distinct from

are completely different


is exactly

practically the same as


more or less

is considerably

much cheaper than

rather bigger than

a little smaller than


E. Based on the text, compare and contrast Britain and continental Europe in terms of:their geographical position, the territory they occupy, the gardens they nurture, the citizens` involvement in gardening. As you meet other relevant expressions, showing comparison and contrast, add them to the above list.


F: Divide the text into several meaningful parts. Give the titles to them. Write a summary of the text based on your division. Make use of the above notes and vocabulary.


III. Vocabulary: Colour words

A. Which of these colours complete these expressions? Some colours are used more than once. What do the expressions mean? Check your answers with the list given below.

Red blue white green black

1. Undoubtedly, she has green fingers. Everything in her garden grows well.

2. The _______ back is a weak currency at the moment.

3. I dont want to say anything until I have seen the facts in _______.

4. The official figures do not include money made on the _______ economy.

5. This firm is a _______. It eats up money faster than I can make it.

6. Lego used to be a _______ - chip company.

7. The company is in the _______. Lets try to get it bask in the ______.

8. He is a bit ________. He hasnt got much experience in this kind of work.

9. He used to be a _______- collar worker, but he has been promoted to the management, so he is now a _______- collar worker.

10. She visits theatres _______. She doesnt like it much.


  1. A Good Mother
  3. A) Match the words on the left with the expressions on the right.
  4. A) Match the words to make word combinations
  5. A) Practise using the words and word combinations in bold type to make other comparisons between some two-four regions of Russia. Write your best sentences down.
  6. A) Read the words describing the qualities required for the legal profession and translate them into Russian. Use a dictionary.
  7. A) Scan the text and fill in the table below.
  8. A. Before you listen, say when you visit another city, what do you enjoy/not enjoy doing?
  9. A. Look at the pie-chart and say whether other search service providers operate in the Russian market. Do you check their ads more than once?
  10. A. Make up short dialogues expressing your opinion, agreeing or disagreeing. Use the prompts given below.
  11. A. Sarah and Ken are having an argument. Read what Sarah says and complete the dialogue with Kens answers from the box below. Then try to guess his last answer.
  12. A. The adjectives below can be used to describe inventions or new ideas. Which have a positive meaning? Which have a negative meaning?

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