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CONCLUSIONS

The twenty-first century will be the century of the total information revolution. The development of the tools for the automatic processing of the natural language spoken in a country or a whole group of countries is extremely important for the country to be competitive both in science and technology.

To develop such applications, specialists in computer science need to have adequate tools to investigate language with a view to its automatic processing. One of such tools is a deep knowledge of both computational linguistics and general linguistic science.

 

II. A HISTORICAL OUTLINE

A COURSE ON LINGUISTICS usually follows one of the general models, or theories, of natural language, as well as the corresponding methods of interpretation of the linguistic phenomena.

A comparison with physics is appropriate here once more. For a long time, the Newtonian theory had excluded all other methods of interpretation of phenomena in mechanics. Later, Einsteins theory of relativity incorporated the Newtonian theory as an extreme case, and in its turn for a long time excluded other methods of interpretation of a rather vast class of phenomena. Such exclusivity can be explained by the great power of purely mathematical description of natural phenomena in physics, where theories describe well-known facts and predict with good accuracy the other facts that have not yet been observed.

In general linguistics, the phenomena under investigation are much more complicated and variable from one object (i.e., language) to another than in physics. Therefore, the criteria for accuracy of description and prediction of new facts are not so clear-cut in this field, allowing different approaches to coexist, affect each other, compete, or merge. Because of this, linguistics has a rich history with many different approaches that formed the basis for the current linguistic theories.

Let us give now a short retrospective of the development of general linguistics in the twentieth century. The reader should not be worried if he or she does not know many terms in this review not yet introduced in this book. There will be another place for strict definitions in this book.


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  1. CONCLUSIONS
  2. CONCLUSIONS
  3. CONCLUSIONS
  4. CONCLUSIONS
  5. Conclusions
  6. General Conclusions
  7. LOGICAL CONCLUSIONS.
  8. The composition exercises ask you to manipulate data. They also expect you to make inferences in order to come to conclusions about the data.




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CURRENT STATE OF APPLIED RESEARCH ON SPANISH | THE STRUCTURALIST APPROACH

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