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B. Expressing Past and Present

UNIT 4Past simple (I did)

a) Study this example:

Tom: Look! It's raining again. Ann: Oh no, not again. It rained all day yesterday too. Rained is the past simple tense. We use the past simple to talk about actions or situations in the past.

- I very much enjoyed the party.

- Mr. Edwards died ten years ago.

- When I livedin Manchester, I worked in a bank.

b) Very often the past simple ends in - ed:

- We invitedthem to our party but they decided not to come.

- The police stopped me on my way home last night.

- She passedher examination because she studied very hard.

But many important verbs are irregular. This means that the past simple does not end in -ed.

For example:

leave —> left We all leftthe party at 11 o'clock.

go —> wentYesterday I went to London to see a friend of mine.

cost —> cost This house cost£35,000 in 1980.

The past of the verb be (am/is/are) is was/were:

I / he / she / it waswe/you/they were I was angry because Tom and Ann were late.

c) In past simple questions and negatives we use did/didn't + the infinitive
(do/open/rain etc.):

it raineddid it rain? it didn't rain

- Ann: Did you go out last night, Tom?

Tom: Yes, I went to the cinema. But I didn't enjoy the film.

- When did Mr Edwards die?

- What did you do at the week-end?

- We didn't invite her to the party, so she didn't come.

- Why didn'tyou phone me on Tuesday?

Note that we normally use did/didn't with have:

- Did you have time to write the letter?

- I didn't have enough money to buy anything to eat.

But we do not use did with the verb be (was/were):

- Why wereyou so angry?

- They weren't able to come because they werevery busy.

- Was Tom at work yesterday?


Читайте також:

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  4. An unusual present
  5. Ask your friend the following questions, present the results to the whole group.
  6. B. Put the verb into the most suitable form with future meaning, Present progressive or Present simple.
  7. C. Choose the best alternative between Present simple and Present Perfect.
  8. Complete the sentences using the verbs in brackets. All the sentences are about the future. Use Will/won't or the present simple (I see / he plays / it is etc.).
  9. Complete the sentences. Use the Present Continuous.
  10. D. Make up short dialogues expressing lack of certainty and surprise. Use prompts given below.
  11. Expressing need




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