Study the basic peculiarities of the opening consonant clusters in the stressed syllables of the words in the three boxes below.

1 2 3

strong bring explorers

private great cliche

property Britain

described growth


preoccupation trade

4.3.6. Study the following sequences and explain the interconnection between their segmental peculiarities and their rhythmical organization (see 4.2.):


intolerance of outsiders;

ostentatious wealth;

a strong belief in private property;

informal, relaxed, and domestic;

are more easily illustrated than described;

the rise of spectator sports;

that special feeling for the sea;

great sailors and explorers;

but also the inventors of the seaside holiday;

subtly decisive in so many aspects of her history;

lastbut by no meansleast;

bring back its products.

Explain the principal difficulty in pronouncing the stressed vowels in the words below.

agree informal

do sports

egoism important

belief feeling

equally sea

marked explorers

more also

easily seaside

these determined

are course

urge formation

earth army

world last

evolution least





4.3.8. Explain the principal difficulty in pronouncing the stressed (primarily or secondarily) vowels in the following words (boxes 1, 2, 3):

1 2 3

both natives psychology

egoism ostentatious private

social illustrated described

mobility make microcosm

home preoccupation rise

only landscape seaside

also games island

so spectator decisive

growth made wider

well-known great miles

no sailors Empire

moat cliche

Dover Reformation






What affects the quality of the vowel in each of these cases?

The words below are divided into groups according to a certain principle.

Explain the principle.

Find the words that fall out of the group. Tell why.

I 2

psychology English

self-confidence characteristics

ostentatious visitors

strong egoism

property national

marked wealth

tended intolerance

are independence

do mobility

more belief

wander equally

products easily

physical illustrated

microcosm these

preoccupation bring

informal back

means England

sports led

competition evolution

important relaxed

not domestic

explorers landscape

also setting

holiday less

special feeling

course sea

formation inventors

last seaside

music back

art cliche

fact Britain

often many

water aspects














  1. A formal opening
  2. A) Analyze the simple rhythm-units into three groups monobeats (M), trochees (T) and dactyls (D).
  4. A) Match the words on the left with the expressions on the right.
  5. A) Match the words to make word combinations
  6. A) Practise using the words and word combinations in bold type to make other comparisons between some two-four regions of Russia. Write your best sentences down.
  7. A) Read the words describing the qualities required for the legal profession and translate them into Russian. Use a dictionary.
  8. A) Scan the text and fill in the table below.
  9. A. Do you know these famous Britons? Do these puzzles and read three more noted Britons.
  10. A. Make up short dialogues expressing your opinion, agreeing or disagreeing. Use the prompts given below.
  11. A. Sarah and Ken are having an argument. Read what Sarah says and complete the dialogue with Kens answers from the box below. Then try to guess his last answer.
  12. A. Study the following.

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What prosodic means are used in different cases of accent in the text? | How can the following words be divided into groups according to the stressed vowel?

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