B. Complex Sentence

Subjunctive I and the Suppositional Mood are used in nominal (subject, object, predicative), attributive appositive and some adverbial clauses.


Nominal and Attributive Appositive Clauses

1. Both Subjunctive I and the Suppositional Mood (non-perfect) can be used in subject, object, predicative and attributive appositive clauses if in the principal clause a modal meaning is expressed (that of order, recommendation, suggestion, supposition, desire, command, etc.)

Subject clause

It is necessary that

It is important that

It is strange/odd that

It is natural that

It is surprising/shocking that

It is necessary that all (should) work hard

It is important that a young man should have really trustworthy friends

Predicative clause

Our order is that

Our requirement is that

Our suggestion is that

greatest wish is that

Our requirement is that all (should) work hard.

My greatest wish in the world is that you should be happy.


Object clause

I suggest that

We demand that

We require that

I order that

I insist that

We require that all (should) work hard.

He suggested that I(should) go out and help them.

Attributive clause

He gave an order that

Do you agree with the suggestion that

I haven't the least desire that you should dine with me on that day.

Do you accept our requirement that all(should) work hard?

2. Only the Suppositional Mood (both non-perfect and perfect) is used in nominal and attributive appositive clauses if in the principal clause a personal reaction to events is expressed (for instance, with words like amazing, interesting, shocked, sorry, normal, natural, it's a shame, etc.):

It was astonishing that so short a break should have destroyed the habit of years (subject clause).

I'm surprised you should want him to stay in that house (object clause).

3. The Suppositional Mood (mostly non-perfect, though perfect is also possible) and rarely Subjunctive I are used in nominal and attributive appositive clauses after the expression of fear in the principal clause. The subordinate clause may be introduced by the conjunction "that" or the negative conjunction lest (typical of literary style):

I was terrified lest they should notice me (object clause).

I'm very much afraid that I shouldn't be acceptable (object clause).

Our fear was lest we should be late (predicative clause).

Our fear lest he should hive away our secret was great (attributive clause).


Adverbial Clauses

1. In adverbial clauses of purpose introduced by the conjunction "so that", "lest" (literary style) the non-perfect Suppositional Mood is used, or, rarely, Subjunctive I:

Mary lowered her eyes so that he should not see the faint gleam of amusement in them.

Bertha dared to say nothing lest he should hear the tears in her voice.

After the conjunctions that, so that, in order that, so, the modal phrases may (might) or can (could) + Infinitive may be used:

I tell you this so that you may understand the situation.

He came up closer so that he could see the picture better.

2. In adverbial clauses of concession introduced by though, although, whatever, whoever, whenever, wherever, etc., the non-perfect Suppositional Mood or Subjunctive I may be used with reference to the present or future:

Though he should make every effort he cannot succeed.

Whatever the reason be, the fact remains.

More usual, however, are the modal phrases may (might) + Infinitive:

Whoever he may be, he has no right to be rude.

Though he might have been suspicious, he gave no sign.

3. In the adverbial clauses of condition referring to the future the Suppositional Mood is used to show that the action is possible, though unlikely. Such clauses may be rendered into Russian as: , , , , , .

In the principal clause the Conditional Mood, the Future Indicative or the Imperative Mood may be used:

If it should be wet they would stay at home.

If you should find another way out, will you inform me?

If you should meet him, give him my best regards.

In literary style conditional clauses of this type are sometimes joined to the principal clause asyndetically (without any conjunctions), by means of inversion:

Should I see him, I will inform him about your decision.





  1. Combine the following words into sentences.
  2. Complete the sentences with the correct word in brackets.
  3. Ex. 3. Are these sentences true or false in your understanding? Correct the false ones.
  4. Exercise 1. Translate the following sentences paying attention to Participle Constructions in different syntactic functions.
  5. IV Analyze verb-forms and translate the following sentences. Match the verb-forms with their tenses in Active or Passive Voice.
  6. Replacements of sentence types
  7. Task XX. Render the following in English. Use the Complex Object.

: 550

<== | ==>

? google:


© studopedia.com.ua '.

: 0.001 .