Suggest the meanings of the words according to their sound-form. Check yourself by a dictionary.




1. в 4

2. ֲ 26

3. ̲Ͳ 51

4. Բ 59

5. ̲ 71

6. ò 90

7. ² 96

8. Ѳ 122

9. ֲ


10. ϲȪ 142

11. в Ͳ 153

12. Ͳ ղͲ Ͳ 174

˲ 184



Buzz, click, bang, sizzle, boom, quack.


2. Analyze the meanings of the given words. State what common associations, given by the graphic/sound-clusters sp- [sp-], -ash [-aej] and gl-[gl-] unite these words.

Sprinkle (to shake small amounts of a liquid over the surface of something), spray (to send liquid through the air in tiny drops either by the wind or some instrument), splash (to wet or soil by dashing masses or particles of water), spit (send liquid out from the mouth), spatter (to scatter drops of a liquid on a surface), spill (to accidentally pour a liquid out of its container), spurt (if a liquid spurts from smth., it comes out in a sudden strong flow).

Smash (break violently into small pieces), dash (move or be moved violently), crash (strike suddenly violently and noisily), bash (to hit hard and violently), gash (a long deep cut or wound), slash (to move in a violent way that causes a lot of damage), trash (to criticize in a very strong way).

Glamour (a special quality that makes a person, place, or situation seem very exciting, attractive, or fashionable), gleam (a bright light reflected from something), glisten (to shine and look wet or oily), glossy (shiny in an attractive way), glint (to shine with quick flashes of light), glow (to shine with a soft light), glimmer (a soft weak light that is not steady).


3. Analyze the meanings of the italicized words. Group the words according to their type of motivation: a) words morphologically motivated; b) words semantically motivated.

Driver someone who drives a vehicle, especially as his/her job; careless not taking enough care; leg the part of a piece of furniture such as a table or chair that supports it and raises it off the floor; horse -a piece of equipment shaped like a large box that is used in gymnastics; singlehood the state of being single rather than married; wall -emotions or behaviour that prevent people from feeling close to each other; hand-made made by hand, not machine; piggish selfish; blue-eyed having blue eyes; sound bite a short comment by a politician or another famous person that is taken from a longer conversation or speech and broadcast alone because it is especially interesting or effective; leaflet a small, often folded piece of printed paper, often advertising something, usually given free to people; streamlet a small stream (a natural flow of water).



  2. Analyze the meanings of the italicized words. Identify the result of the changes of the connotational aspect of lexical meaning in the given words.
  3. Archaic, obsolete and historic words
  4. Classification of phraseological units and their structural types.
  5. Combine the following words into sentences.
  6. Compare the meanings of the given words. Define what semantic features are shared by all the members of the group and what semantic properties distinguish them from each other.
  7. Different phonological schools and their concept of phoneme
  8. Divergences in the semantic structure of words
  9. Free Word-Groups Versus Phraseological Units Versus Words
  10. Give their Ukrainian equivalents.
  11. Identify the period of borrowing of the French, Greek, Russian and German words given in task 6.
  12. International Words

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, 䳿. | Analyze the meanings of the italicized words. Identify the result of the changes of the connotational aspect of lexical meaning in the given words.

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