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Arrange the following units into two lexical and two terminological sets. I Give them corresponding names.
Find the synonymic dominant in the following groups of synonyms.
Look up in a dictionary meanings of the given pairs of synonyms. Classify synonyms into stylistic, ideographic and ideographic-stylistic.
State the difference in the pragmatic aspect of meaning of the given synonyms. Consult a dictionary.
Практикум к лекции №7,8.
Choose the correct phraseological unit from the box to fill in the gaps in the sentences below.
dark horse, to work like a dog, sour grapes, to lord it over, Achilles heel, to put one's cards on the table, red tape, to see somebody in the flesh, fat cats, around the clock
1. Workers are losing their jobs while the ... who run the company are getting richer. 2. Stuart's getting married? He's a ... — I never even knew he had a girlfriend. 3. He was a gifted businessman, but greed was his ... . 4. If I criticize her book, people will think it's just... . 5. There's so much ... involved in getting a visa. 6. Doctors and nurses worked ... to help the people injured in the train crash. 7. She thought it was time ... and tell him that she had no intention of marrying him. 8. He likes ... the more junior staff in the office. 9. I knew his face so well from the photographs that it felt a bit strange when I finally .... 10. He ... all day to finish the wallpapering.
Model:to see — to behold ] The verb to behold is formal, whereas the verb to see is neutral.
Car — automobile; refreshment — bite; soldier — warrior; to begin — lo commence; face — puss; to leave — to abandon; hearty — cordial, hand — fin; to cry — to weep.
Model:mum — mother
The words have the same denotational meaning 'a female parent', but they differ in the pragmatic aspect of meaning as the word mum is informal. Thus, this pair of synonyms belongs to the group of stylistic synonyms.
Information — data; associate — pal; infectious — contagious; to ask — to interrogate; to meet — to encounter; to reckon — to estimate; mum — mother; faculty — talent; to foretell — to predict; to walk — to promenade; blemish — flaw; heaven — sky; intelligent — smart; affair -business.
To sob — to weep — to cry; to brood — to reflect — to mediate — to think; to glare — to peep — to look — to stare — to glance; strange -quaint — odd — queer; terror — fear -- horror; angry — furious -enraged; to flash — to gleam — to sparkle — to blaze — to shine.
Detached house, wire-haired fox terrier, climbing robe, bull terrier, disk, horse (vaulting horse), hardware, multi-storey block of flats, monitor, terraced house, Scottish terrier, mainframe, trampoline, interface, Bedlington terrier, floor, high-rise block of flats, landing mat, Pekinese, asymmetric bars, software, weekend house, springboard, I server, cottage, beam, semi-detached house.