Arrange the following units into two lexical and two terminological sets. I Give them corresponding names.

Find the synonymic dominant in the following groups of synonyms.

Look up in a dictionary meanings of the given pairs of synonyms. Classify synonyms into stylistic, ideographic and ideographic-stylistic.

State the difference in the pragmatic aspect of meaning of the given synonyms. Consult a dictionary.


Choose the correct phraseological unit from the box to fill in the gaps in the sentences below.

dark horse, to work like a dog, sour grapes, to lord it over, Achilles heel, to put one's cards on the table, red tape, to see somebody in the flesh, fat cats, around the clock

1. Workers are losing their jobs while the ... who run the company are getting richer. 2. Stuart's getting married? He's a ... I never even knew he had a girlfriend. 3. He was a gifted businessman, but greed was his ... . 4. If I criticize her book, people will think it's just... . 5. There's so much ... involved in getting a visa. 6. Doctors and nurses worked ... to help the people injured in the train crash. 7. She thought it was time ... and tell him that she had no intention of marrying him. 8. He likes ... the more junior staff in the office. 9. I knew his face so well from the photographs that it felt a bit strange when I finally .... 10. He ... all day to finish the wallpapering.

Model:to see to behold ] The verb to behold is formal, whereas the verb to see is neutral.

Car automobile; refreshment bite; soldier warrior; to begin lo commence; face puss; to leave to abandon; hearty cordial, hand fin; to cry to weep.

Model:mum mother

The words have the same denotational meaning 'a female parent', but they differ in the pragmatic aspect of meaning as the word mum is informal. Thus, this pair of synonyms belongs to the group of stylistic synonyms.

Information data; associate pal; infectious contagious; to ask to interrogate; to meet to encounter; to reckon to estimate; mum mother; faculty talent; to foretell to predict; to walk to promenade; blemish flaw; heaven sky; intelligent smart; affair -business.


To sob to weep to cry; to brood to reflect to mediate to think; to glare to peep to look to stare to glance; strange -quaint odd queer; terror fear -- horror; angry furious -enraged; to flash to gleam to sparkle to blaze to shine.


Detached house, wire-haired fox terrier, climbing robe, bull terrier, disk, horse (vaulting horse), hardware, multi-storey block of flats, monitor, terraced house, Scottish terrier, mainframe, trampoline, interface, Bedlington terrier, floor, high-rise block of flats, landing mat, Pekinese, asymmetric bars, software, weekend house, springboard, I server, cottage, beam, semi-detached house.


  1. Analyze the meanings of the italicized words. Identify the result of the changes of the connotational aspect of lexical meaning in the given words.
  2. Classification of phraseological units and their structural types.
  4. Combine the following words into sentences.
  5. Derivational analysis and basic units of derivational system.
  6. Exercise 1. Translate the following sentences paying attention to Participle Constructions in different syntactic functions.
  7. Free Word-Groups Versus Phraseological Units Versus Words
  8. IV Analyze verb-forms and translate the following sentences. Match the verb-forms with their tenses in Active or Passive Voice.
  9. Lecture 12. Evolution of the ME Lexical System.
  10. Lesson 10 Branches, Services and Units of the US Armed Forces
  11. Lexical differences between languages

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