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ВІДКРИТА ЗАЯВА на підтримку позиції Ганни Турчинової та права кожної людини на свободу думки, світогляду та вираження поглядів



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Тлумачний словник






Task IV. Read and translate the following text from English into Ukrainian.

Task III. Pay your attention to the word-formation. Determine the parts of speech.

The World of Telecommunications

XII. Read the problems suggested.

a) Group up with your friends who are interested in the same problem:

Computer designing.

Design of the computers.

Internet: the best invention of mankind.

Computers and children.

b) Formulate the main points (items) of the problem. Speak of its importance.

 

Task I. Learn the new vocabulary:

 

to witness – бачити, свідчити

enormous – великий

to coordinate – координувати погоджувати

cellular –стільниковий зв'язок

microwave terrestrial – короткохвильовий наземний зв'язок

to deny – заперечувати

accumulation – накопичення

to exert – прикладати зусилля, впливати

fibre- optic cables – оптоволоконний кабель

backbone – основа

to augment – підсилювати, поповнювати

wireless – радіо

wireless technology – технологія безпровідного зв’язку

outbreak – прорив

loss - втрата

boon – благо

remote – віддалений

to install – встановити

to deliver – вказувати,

benefit – користь,перевага

to replace – замінити

to predict – передбачити

broadcasting – трансляція,передача

 

Task II. Read and translate the following word-combinations:

To witness enormous evolution, telecommunication services, microwave terrestrial, to deny the role, information era, exchange the types of telecommunications, to be under permanent development, a common knowledge, to exert influence, to be the backbone of smth, to carry signals in the form of light, wirelesscommunication means, cell network subscriber, straight to the Internet, to provide high quality connection, to augment by telephone invention, to compete with telegraph business, the development of wireless technology, losses from lower prices, to install costly cables, microwave transmitters, to be a boon to remote regions, to deliver all benefits, on-line libraries, cheap enough to replace old sets, to predict the development

 

to change – to exchange – change – changing – changed – exchange

to develop – development – developing – developed

to know – knowledge – known – unknown

symbol – to symbolize – symbolic

digit – digital - digitized – to digitize – digitizing

economy – economics – economic – economical - to economize –economist

to establish – established – establishing – establishment

to communicate – communicative – communication

to broadcast – broadcasting - broadcasted

 

THE WORLD OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS

Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic,

Arthur C. Clarke

Over the years, the world has witnessed enormous, yet not fully coordinated evolution of telecommunication services such as telephony, cellular, cable, microwave terrestrial and satellite. And one can not deny the role of telecommunications in oar life.

Nowadays people live in information era, when information is the key and engine of progress. World society needs perfect means of information exchange that is why all types of telecommunication are under the permanent developing.

It is a common knowledge that future is speed and power. New technologies in electronics continue developing. Computers become more compact, faster and inexpensive. Technology exerts revolutionary influence on society only when it is universal. Real revolution in manufacture, accumulation, treatment of matter begins when first universal machines appeared and telecommunication systems were created. Fibre-optic cables are the backbone of modern telecommunications, carrying telephone and computer signals in the form of light from one side of the world to the other.

Currently hundreds of millions of people use wireless communication means. Cell phone is no longer a symbol of prestige but a tool, which lets to use working time more effectively. Today we can connect straight to the Internet using our cell phone and are able to take a picture or a short movie, using our video cell phone.

Late in the nineteenth century, communications facilities were augmented by a new invention — telephone. The number of telephones in use in the world grew at almost 100 per cent per decade. But long-distance telephone services gradually developed and began to compete with telegraphic business. A greater contribution to long-range communication came with the development of wireless technology.

Before the outbreak of the First World War wireless telegraphy was established as a means of regular communication with ships at sea, and provided a valuable supplement to existing telegraph lines. In the next few years the telephone systems of all the chief countries were connected with each other by radio. Far more immediate was the influence that radio had through broadcasting and by television, which followed it at an interval of about twenty-five years.

Telephones are as much a part of infrastructure as roads or electricity, and competition will make them cheaper. Losses from lower prices will be countered by higher usage. Most important of all, by cutting out the need to install costly cables and microwave transmitters, the new telephones could be a boon to the remote and poor regions of the earth. Even today, half the world's population lives more than two hours away from a telephone.

Satellite phones are not going to deliver all their benefits at once.

Lots of other new communication services — on-line film libraries, personal computers that can send video-clips and sound-bites as easily as they can be used for writing letters, terrestrial mobile-telephone systems cheap enough to replace old sets — are already technically possible. It is very difficult to predict many steps of telecommunication development. Tele-communications change world very much and quickly and probably will change the human being in the coming few decades

 

 

Task V. Give the English equivalents to the following word-combinations:

Короткохвильовий наземний зв'язок , супутниковий зв'язок , втрати через низькі ціни, короткохвильові передавачі, робити непотрібним встановлювати дорогий кабель, передбачати розвиток , стільниковий зв'язок, основа сучасного дистанційного зв’язку, приєднатися відразу до Інтернету, загальновідома річ, підвищити за допомогою телефону, засіб постійного зв’язку , радіопередача та телебачення, користувач мережі, віддалені регіони землі, вказувати на всі переваги, забезпечувати високоякісний зв'язок

 


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