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I. You will hear a text about animal rights. Before listening discuss the words in the box with your fellow students and your teacher

advocate badger baiting be concerned with be subject to legislation crucial tool deer and stag hunting endangered species garden slug group captivity ivory trade legal issue pacing pest rhinoceros horn sewer rat solitary species toxicity testing whaling

II. Say whether the following statements are true or false

1. Peter Singer is a philosopher who opposes the movements for animal rights.

2. Three American public organizations whose activities are directed at protecting animal rights have been mentioned.

3. Experiments on animals contributed to a number of important discoveries in modern medicine.

4. Now most countries have stopped using animals for medical and toxicity tests because of their cruelty.

5. The author of the text draws examples of injury caused to animals in such activities as badger baiting, horse racing, stag hunting and cockfighting.

6. Zoos claim that they play an important role in animal conservation.

7. There is no legislation concerning the cruel treatment of animals in the fur industry.

8. People in Scandinavia dont wear fur coats to demonstrate their friendliness to animals.

9. Such cases of animal maltreatment as whaling or killing dolphins have been the subject of international discussion.

10. It is equally immoral to kill a pet or a pest.

III. Listen to the first part of the text again. What do the following abbreviations stand for: ASPCA, HSUS, PETA? Do you know any organizations protecting animal rights in Europe or in your country?

IV. Listen to the abstract about using animals in entertainment and sports one more time. Complete the passage below

The use of animals in sports has resulted in many cases of animal (1)_____________. Laws on badger baiting, (2) __________, and deer and stag hunting vary from country to country. (3)____________ has been banned in certain countries, but in Spain it remains a (4)_____________________. Animal rights advocates have expressed concern over the conditions in many (5)_________________where animals are kept, claiming that animals in these facilities are forced to live in unnatural (6)___________________, with unsuitable housing and (7)___________________. Other critics argue that such conditions promote (8)_____________________ such as pacing. Zoos maintain, however, that their institutions provide (9)_____________________, and conservational benefits. Many cases of cruelty and neglect of animals (10)__________________ have also been reported.

SPEAKING

Speak about animals covering the following issues:

animals versus plants;

the variety of the animal world;

features that provide the basis for modern classification of animals;

chordates and vertebrates: distinctive characteristics;

the main classes of modern vertebrates;

animals and humans.



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  1. A) COLLOQUIAL WORDS
  2. About Lycra Fabric
  3. About My Family
  4. About Myself
  5. About myself
  6. Analyze the meanings of the italicized words. Identify the result of the changes of the connotational aspect of lexical meaning in the given words.
  7. Archaic, obsolete and historic words
  8. Ask your friend questions in English about their content. Summarize his/her answers.
  9. B. Listen to part of a radio interview with a historian talking about Einstein. Then complete each sentence with a word or a short phrase. (Track 17, CD2)
  10. Brainstorming. In small groups of 3 or 4 students discuss formulated answers.
  11. Combine the following words into sentences.
  12. Compare the meanings of the given words. Define what semantic features are shared by all the members of the group and what semantic properties distinguish them from each other.




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I. Read the following sentences and identify the form and function of the gerunds and participles used in them | Unit 4 Focus Words and Phrases

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