D. Put these sentences in the order in which they happened, taking your information from the text As You Sow You Shall Mow.


1. The impact of recycling compared with that of burying and burning is indeed better for the environment.

2. As with all commodities costs for recyclables fluctuate.

3. Recycling conserves natural resources.

4. As the volume of waste has increased, so have recycling efforts.

5. The most valuable benefit of recycling is the saving in energy.

6. Today communities begin to think about how to reduce the waste flaw to landfills and incinerators.

7. Britains recycling efforts reduce its carbon-dioxide emissions by 10m 15m tones per year.

8. In dense urban areas high fees can be charged for landfill disposal.

9. Britains recycling rate, at 27%, is low, but it is improving fast.

10. Originally reuse and recycling were often economic necessities.


E. Exemplify the figures given in the text, using the following vocabulary:


1. Such countries as

2. Countries such as

3. For example,

4. For instance,

5. X and Y are good examples of

6. One such is

7. Another is

8. is illustrated by

9. is a good illustration of

10. is a case in point.



F. Make a summary of the text. You may choose your own order to present ideas. Supply your summary with relevant examples.

III. Vocabulary: Word building

A. Complete these word building tables

Noun Verb   Noun Adj.
harm ____   waste ______   poison   _____ ______ destruct   ______ pollute   ______   protect       ______   ______ damage nature   poison safe   harmful ______ ______   ______

B. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words from the tables, translate the sentences into Russian:

1. Many species of animals live free of _______ from man in national parks.

2. Under state _______ some rare animals have multiplied.

3. The ozone layer is a layer of gases that stop _______ radiation from the sun.

4. War means death and _______.

5. The city was _______ by fire.

6. The tropical rainforest naturally _______ our planet.

7. Air _______ is the result of mans use of chemicals.

8. When we talk about the _______ we usually mean the air, the land, the oceans, and all the living things around us.

9. When chemicals are used on crops to control insect pests, some will be washed into rivers and _______ fish.

10. When the sulfates mix with clouds, acid rain falls and ______ lakes, rivers and plants.

11. Often, companies dump chemical _______ into water.

12. When we burn coal and oil for energy we cause _______.

13. Experts can be sent to homes to look for energy leaks places where energy is being _______.


IV. Grammar Review: Passive Voice.

A. Change the sentences into passive to express the same idea as in the model.

Model: They kill eight big cats to make one fur coat.


  1. A) Practise using the words and word combinations in bold type to make other comparisons between some two-four regions of Russia. Write your best sentences down.
  2. A. Do you know these famous Britons? Do these puzzles and read three more noted Britons.
  3. A. Read the additional texts with interesting facts about Canada and discuss this information with your partner.
  4. A. The adjectives below can be used to describe inventions or new ideas. Which have a positive meaning? Which have a negative meaning?
  5. A. What do you know about Tatarstan? Do the quiz and say which of the data were surprising for you?
  6. A. You will hear a manager interviewing a person for a job. Listen out for these verbs, and then use them to complete sentences 1-5.
  7. And write your own sentences with the same words and phrases.
  8. Are the following sentences true or false? If false, say why.
  9. Are the following statements true or false? Correct the false sentences.
  10. Are the sentences true or false?
  11. Are these instructions correct?
  12. Are these statements true or false?

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As You Sow You Shall Mow | Eight big cats are killed to make one fur coat.

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