:
 








C

:

2 CH2 CH2 2 + Zn → + ZnCl2

׀ ׀

Cl Cl

CH3 CH3

׀

2 CH2 CH 2 + Zn → + ZnCl2

׀ ׀

Cl Cl

:

Pt

+ 32

 

 

 
 


.

, , ( , ).

nH2n.

:

 

24 () 2 = 2

36 () 2 = 2

48 2 = 2 3

CH3 CH = CH 3

510

612

714

816

918

1020

:

2 = 2 3 2 = 3

׀

1 3

2

2 = 2 3 1

3 = 3 2

 

( )

2 = 2 3 1

CH3 CH = CH 3 2

3

= =

3 3 3

2

2

:

sp2

120

, 1 σ 1 π

= 0,134

Գ : 2 4

5 15

16

, .

ճ

1 :C2H4 + 3O2 → 2CO2 + 2H2O

1000

2 :C2H4 → 2C + 2H2

: ) 2 = 2 + 23 3

) 2 = 2 + Cl22 2

׀ ׀

Cl Cl

) 2 = 2 + Cl → 3 2

׀

Cl

) 2 = 2 + → 3 2

׀

( ): 2 = 2 + [O] + → 2 2

׀ ׀

kat OH

: n2 = 2 → ( 2 2 )n

ճ

1 : 2C3H6 + 9O2 → 26CO2 + 6H2O

1000

2 :C3H6 → 3C + 3H2

:

) 3 = 2 + 23 2 3

) 3 = 2 + Cl23 2

׀ ׀

Cl Cl

) 3 = 2 + Cl → 3 3

׀

Cl

) 3 = 2 + → 3 3

׀

       
   
: .
 
 

 


( ):

3 2 = 2 + [O] + → 3 2

׀ ׀

kat O

: n = 2 → ( 2 )n

׀׀

3 3

 

 

300 1.3 32 = 2 + 2 Ni 2.CH3 CH2 + KOH → 2 = 2 + KCl + H2O ׀ Cl   3.CH2 CH2 + Zn → 2 = 2 + ZnCl2 ׀ ׀ Cl Cl H2SO4 4.CH3 CH22 = 2 + H2O     ׀ OH    

 


 

 

300 1.3 2 32 = 3 + 2 Ni 2.CH3 CH2 CH2 + KOH → CH3 = 2 + KCl + H2O ׀ Cl   3.CH3 CH CH2 + Zn → CH3 = 2 + ZnCl2 ׀ ׀ Cl Cl H2SO4 4.CH3 CH2 CH2 → CH3 2 = 2 + H2O ׀ OH

 


, , (䳺).

nH2n2.

䳺:

342 = = 2

462 = = 2

CH2 = C = C 3

58

610

712

814

916

1018

:

2 = = 3 1,3 䳺

2 = = 2 2 1,3 䳺

׀

3

( )

2 = = 2 1,3 䳺

2 3 1

:

sp2

120

2 (1 σ 1 π).

:

2 = = 2

CH2 = C = C 3

, σ :

2 = 2 = 2

2 = 2 = 3

ճ , , .

σ :

2 = = 2

2 = = 3

䳺 π :

³ : , , :

0,135 0,135

2 2

0,148

.

 

ճ 1,3 䳺


:

) 2 = = 2 + 23 = 3

) 2 = = 2 + l22 = 2

׀ ׀

Cl Cl

) 2 = = 2 + Cl → 3 = 2

׀

kat Cl

: n2 = = 2 → ( 2 = 2 )n

ճ

(2 1,3 䳺)


:

) 2 = = 2 + 23 = 3

׀ ׀

3 3

) 2 = = 2 + l22 = 2

׀ ׀ ׀ ׀

3 Cl 3 Cl

) 2 = = 2 + Cl → 3 = 2

׀ ׀ ׀

3 kat 3 Cl

: n2 = = 2 → ( 2 = 2 )n

׀ ׀

3 3

1 :

Cr2O3, Al2O3

3 CH2 CH2 3 2 = = 2 + 22

600C

Cr2O3, Al2O3

3 CH CH2 3 2 = = 2 + 22

׀ 600C׀

3 ZnO MgO3

2 :23 2 2 = = 2 + 2 + 22

 

, , ( ).

nH2n2.

:

 

22 () ≡

342

462 3

CH3 C ≡ C 3

58

610

712

814

916

1018

 

:

2 2 3 1

3 3

׀

3

( 䳺) ≡ 2 3 1

2 = = 2 1,3 䳺

 

:

sp

180

, 1 σ 2 π

0,120

Գ : 2 4

5 15

16

, .

 

 

 

 


 

 

                         
     
       
 
       
 
 
   
: .
 
   
 
   
 
 
 
 

 


≡ + 22 = 2

≡ + 223 3 ׀

)

1 :aC2 + 2H2O → Ca(OH)2 + C2H2


:

  1. ²
  2. ²
  3. .
  4. .
  5. .
  6. ϳ




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