Look through the text and find Complex Sentences. Translate them into Ukrainian.

2. Join the two simple sentences to make a complex sentence. Mind the sequence of tenses rule:

1. I said. The successful use of computers has been reported in economy.

2. I have already said. The next generation of computers will not operate with digit numbers.

3. I was saying. Supercomputers will display wonders.

4. I have been saying up to now. Man-and-computer systems are capable of accomplishing.


3. Turn the following statements into indirect speech:

1. He said: There is no realm of human activity in which cybernetics will have no role to play in the future.

2. He asked: Is it difficult to say what the future holds in store for cybernetics?

3. He claimed: N.Wieners definition of cybernetics is still generally being accepted.

4. He asked: Who was the first to use the term describing the science of steering ships?

5. He said: N.Wiener has laid the foundations of the new science and coined the title Cybernetics.

4. Define meanings of the following words by their affixes:

universe universal; tradition traditional; gravity gravitation gravitational; element elementary; sensation sensational; discover discovery; expect expectation; connect connection; general generalization generalized; equal equality equally equation; to compute computation computable computer; exact exactly; hostile hostilely; relative relativity.

5. Study the text and give Ukrainian equivalents for the following words and word-combinations:

the universal law of gravitation; traditional classical notions; the curvature of space; general theory of relativity; a phenomenon of a cosmic scale; gravitational fields; huge masses; the quantum level; sensational discoveries; the gravitational processes of the universe; elementary particles; equation; space objects; fundamental difficulties; homogeneous; gravitational attractions; physical force field; electromagnetic field; to draw on; antagonistic contradiction; consistent; presuppose; unobservable mass; surpass; experimental data; to solve the question.

6. Study the text and give English equivalents for the following words and word-combinations:

; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; .

7. Give sentences in English using the following words and word-combinations:

1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; 6. ᒺ; 7. ; 8. ; 9. ; 10. ; 11. ; 12. ; 13. ; 14. .


8. Combine the words from the left-and right-hand columns to make word-combinations. Translate them into Ukrainian:

universal world
general level
homogeneous particles
gravitational law
different models
invisible scale
cosmic theory
quantum mass
elementary attractions


  1. B. Complex Sentence
  2. Choose any newspaper and complete the following sentences.
  3. Combine the following words into sentences.
  4. Complete the sentences.
  5. Complete with the words from the text. Translate them into Ukrainian.
  6. English modal verbs having not always modal verb equivalents in Ukrainian.
  7. Ex. 7. Translate into Ukrainian paying attention to the forms of the Gerund.
  8. Exercise 1. Translate the following sentences paying attention to Participle Constructions in different syntactic functions.
  9. I. Translate the following passage using the vocabulary of this lesson
  10. I. Translate the following sentences into English
  11. I. Translate the following sentences into English
  12. I. Translate the following sentences into English

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